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In Greek mythology, Orsilochus (Ὁρσἰλοχος) or Ortilochus (Ὁρτἰλοχος) is a name that may refer to:
- Orsilochus (Ortilochus), son of the river god Alpheus and Telegone, daughter of Pharis. He was a resident of Pherae, and it was at his home that Odysseus met Iphitos the son of Eurytus. He had at least one son Diocles and at least two daughters: Dorodoche, said by some to be the wife of Icarius, and Medusa, the wife of Polybus of Corinth.
- Orsilochus (Ortilochus), grandson of the precedent through Diocles, and brother of Crethon. Orsilochus and Crethon fought at Troy under Agamemnon and were killed by Aeneas.
- Orsilochus, a Trojan killed by Teucer.
- Orsilochus, another Trojan who followed Aeneas to Italy and was killed by Camilla.
- Orsilochus of Argos, who was credited with inventing the four-horse chariot, and, in reward for his invention, was placed among the stars as the constellation Auriga. See also Trochilus.
- Orsilochus, a (perhaps imaginary) son of King Idomeneus of Crete and scion of Minos, renowned as a great runner and the fastest man on Crete, who only appears in a story made up by Odysseus, see below.
- Orsilochus of Crete was mentioned in Book 13 of Homer's Odyssey, when Odysseus makes use of his little-known status in Ithaca to construct an elaborate lie for the benefit of the disguised and fully cognisant Pallas Athena, claiming that he had killed him: "He tried to fleece me of all the booty I had won at Troy, my reward for the long-drawn agonies of war and all the miseries of voyages by sea, merely because I refused to obey his father and serve under him at Troy, and preferred to lead my own command. So, with a friend at my side, I laid an intense ambush for him at the side of the road, and struck him with my bronze spear as he was coming in from the country. There was a pitch-black sky that night covering the heavens, and not a soul saw us; so no-one knew that it was I who had killed him."
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 4. 30. 2
- Strabo, Geography, 8. 5. 8
- Homer, Odyssey, 21. 15
- Homer, Iliad, 5. 547; Odyssey, 3. 489 = 15. 187
- Scholia on Odyssey, 15. 16
- Scholia on Sophocles, Oedipus the King, 775
- Homer, Iliad, 5. 542 - 549; Tzetzes, Homerica, 80
- Homer, Iliad, 8. 274
- Virgil, Aeneid, 11. 636 & 690; Macrobius, Saturnalia, 6. 6. 10
- Hyginus, Poetical Astronomy, 2. 13
- Homer, Odyssey, 13. 260 ff
- Odyssey 13. 262 - 270
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