|Male, uMkhuze Game Reserve, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa|
|Female, Ithala Game Reserve, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa|
Distribution and status
It is found in Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, possibly Burundi, and possibly Madagascar.
Orthetrum stemmale appears similar to O. julia falsum in south-eastern Africa. The important differences are in wing details shown in the figure (left). O. julia falsum (top) has dark subcostal Ax and has one row of cells in the radial planate (generally less than 10 cells doubled - summed over the radial planates of the four wings). This example shows a single doubled cell on each wing. O. stemmale (bottom) has pale subcostal Ax and usually at least ten cells doubled in total over the four wings - this example shows three doubled cells in the radial planate of the forewing. The pterostigma of O. julia falsum is generally dark, whereas that of O. stemmale is pale.
- Clausnitzer, V., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Suhling, F. (2015). "Orthetrum julia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- Dijkstra, K.-D.B.; Clausnitzer, V. (2014). The dragonflies and damselflies of eastern Africa. Tervuren: Royal Museum for Central Africa. ISBN 978-94-916-1506-1.
- Media related to Orthetrum julia at Wikimedia Commons
- Data related to Orthetrum julia at Wikispecies
- Orthetrum julia on African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online
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