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Orthodox, Orthodoxy, or Orthodoxism may refer to:


  • Orthodoxy, adherence to accepted norms, more specifically adherence to creeds, especially within Christianity and Judaism, but also less commonly in non-Abrahamic religions like Neo-paganism or Hinduism


  • Proto-orthodox Christianity, a term coined by New Testament scholar Bart D. Ehrman to describe the Early Christian movement which was the precursor of Christian orthodoxy
  • Oriental Orthodox Churches, a Christian communion that accepts three Ecumenical Councils
  • Eastern Orthodox Church, a Christian church that accepts seven Ecumenical Councils
    • True Orthodoxy, a movement that separated from the mainstream Eastern Orthodox Church in the 1920s over issues of ecumenism and calendar reform
  • Reformed Orthodoxy (16th–18th century), a systematized, institutionalized and codified Reformed theology
  • Neo-orthodoxy, a theological position also known as dialectical theology
  • Paleo-orthodoxy, a movement in Christianity aimed at upholding the historic teachings of the Church
  • Communion of Western Orthodox Churches, a communion of Christian churches of Orthodox tradition distinguished by its adherence to the liturgical and spiritual customs of western Christianity.
  • Lutheran orthodoxy, an era in the history of Lutheranism which began in 1580 from the writing of the Book of Concord
  • Orthodox Presbyterian Church, a confessional Presbyterian denomination located primarily in the northern United States


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