Orthodox Meetinghouse in 2013
|Location||Southwest of West Chester on Birmingham Road, Birmingham Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania|
|Area||0.7 acres (0.28 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||72001112|
|Added to NRHP||April 26, 1972|
Orthodox Meetinghouse, also known as the Birmingham Orthodox Meeting House, is a historic Quaker meetinghouse in Birmingham Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania that was built in 1845 as a result of the Hicksite-Orthodox split in the Society of Friends. The members of the Birmingham Friends Meetinghouse, a few hundred yards north, joined the Hicksite branch of the Quaker movement, as was common among farmers in Chester and Delaware Counties. That meetinghouse was the site of fighting during the Battle of Brandywine in 1777, and is listed separately on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Orthodox Meetinghouse was built in a more modern or "classical" style, with larger windows than the older meetinghouse. It was built at a total cost of $2,310.83 from green serpentine stone quarried at Chalkley Bell's Quarries in Westtown Township. It seated up to 200 people. A small graveyard was also built in 1874.
The two meetinghouses rejoined in 1923, well before the overall split healed in 1955, and the Orthodox Meetinghouse was sold in 1938 for use as a private residence.
It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System. Note: This includes Elanor Webster (1971). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Orthodox Meetinghouse" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-10-30.
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