New Orthodox Synagogue, Košice
Synagóga v Košiciach
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Active Synagogue|
The New Orthodox Synagogue, Košice (Slovak: Nová ortodoxná synagóga v Košiciach) was built in the years 1926–1927 at Puškinova Street near the historic centre of Košice, Slovakia. It superseded the older Orthodox Synagogue in Zvonárska Street, constructed in 1899 to the design of János Balogh.
The synagogue was designed by the Budapest-educated architect Ľudovít Oelschläger. The facade uses both neo-classical and local traditional motifs; and example of the latter is the attic storey which is in a style often found in renaissance buildings of Eastern Slovakia. The interior which is largely constructed in concrete is in the modernist with a domed central hall and a women's gallery with a metal mechitzah. The central bimah faces an ark made of red marble. A school was built adjoining the synagogue and a mikveh (ritual bath) was planned but not constructed.
Holocaust memorial plate
Transports of Jews from Kosice to Nazi camps were carried out during World War II. A bronze Holocaust memorial plate was installed on the front of the synagogue in 1992. It informs that more than 12,000 Jews of Košice were taken to concentration camps in 1944. It does not mention that more than 2,000 Jews from Košice's surroundings were concentrated here and then also sent to the concentration camps. Only 400 of all transported Jews survived.
- Borsky (207), 122
- Borsky (207), 123
- Borský, Maroš (2007).Synagogue Architecture in Slovakia: A Memorial Landscape of a Lost Community. Bratislava: Jewish Heritage foundation. ISBN 9788096972005.
- Synagogues of Kosice, Synagoga Slovaca website, accessed 15 August 2015.
- Ethel Flam (nee Frankfurter) Kosice survivor testimony - video, telling of the roundup in the synagogue yard.