From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Orthonitrophenol)
Jump to: navigation, search

Nitrophenols consist of a phenol molecule with one or more nitro-groups attached to the aromatic ring. The term is most often used to describe singly nitrated phenols.


with the formula HOC6H4NO2. Three isomeric nitrophenols exist:

  • o-Nitrophenol (2-nitrophenol; OH and NO2 groups are neighboring; CAS number: 88-75-5), a yellow crystalline solid (m.p. 46 °C).
  • m-Nitrophenol (3-nitrophenol, CAS number: 554-84-7), a yellow solid (m.p. 97 °C) and precursor to the drug mesalazine (5-aminosalicylic acid).
  • p-Nitrophenol (4-nitrophenol, CAS number: 100-02-7), yellow crystals (m.p. 114 °C). It is a precursor to the rice herbicide fluorodifen and the pesticide parathion.

The mononitrated phenols are often hydrogenated to the corresponding aminophenols that are also useful industrially.[1]

Di- and trinitrophenols[edit]

2,4-Dinitrophenol (m.p. 83 °C) is a moderately strong acid (pKa = 4.89). 2,4,6-trinitrophenol is better known as picric acid, which has a well-developed chemistry.


Nitrophenols are poisonous.[2][3] Occasionally, nitrophenols contaminate the soil near former explosives or fabric factories and military plants, and current research is aimed at remediation.


  1. ^ Gerald Booth "Nitro Compounds, Aromatic" in "Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry" 2007; Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a17_411
  2. ^ Nitrophenol
  3. ^ Dinitrophenol

External links[edit]