Ortona, Glades County, Florida

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Lake Wobegon at Indian Mound Park, Ortona, Florida
Lake Wobegon signage
Ortona, Indian Mound Park entrance
Indian Mound Park boardwalk
Indian Mound Park curving boardwalk
Ortona Indian Mound Park signage noting park was acquired and developed by Glades County, Florida with the assistance of the Florida Department of Natural Resources and the Florida Recreation Development Assistance Program
Indian Mound Park information kiosk
Ortona Indian Mound Park signage
Panorama photograph of Ortona Indian Mound Park

Ortona is an unincorporated area and a populated place in Glades County, Florida.[1] One of the area's attractions is the Ortona Indian Mound Park, which preserves part of the Ortona Prehistoric Village, and the hiking trail through that area.[2] The prehistoric mounds, canoe canals and earthworks were constructed by Native Americans across a five-square-mile region along the north side of the Caloosahatchee River. The site is located on SR 78, north of LaBelle.[3]

History[edit]

A LaBelle investor and businessman, Jerome G. Attanasio, bought 360 acres of land southwest of Citrus Center. He named the subdivision "Ortona" after the coastal town in Italy, where he was born.[4] Hoping to attract grape growers to his development, Attanasio reported to the Moore Haven Times, in 1924, that he was impressed with the growth of 500 rootstock Carmen Grape on his six acres of land.[4]

Afterward, settlers moved into Ortona, along the Caloosahatchee River, living in "houses built of cane poles and roofed over with cabbage fan palms," buying five to ten acre tracts of land.[4] The settlers lived in a "cluster," fishing, hunting and farming, together.[4] Everyone had access to sugarcane. Though all neighbors helped each other grind sugarcane for syrup; "everyone had a stand of cane," all supplies and tools had to be bought.[4]

Tom and Amanda Williams, grandparents of Vance Storter, brought him to Ortona from Naples at four-years-old. They travelled from Naples to Fort Center after their daughter died of typhoid fever. With hogs bought from the Seminole, they finally moved to Ortona.[4]

The first Ortona school was located by the O'Bannion's saw mill, according to Storter. A larger school was built by the county on two-acres of land "behind Mr. Komer's house to accommodate the increased enrollment."[4]

Teachers were known for "leaving abruptly," according to Marvin Williams, "one with a nervous breakdown." The first consistent teacher was "Mr. Ketring" who "kept the boys at their school work." Focusing on school work was hard for the local students; "with plenty of hunting, fishing and chores, it was difficult to be very concerned about book learning."[4]

Steamboats from Fort Myers came to load "cordwood" supplied by the J.F. "Bud" Cross family after contracting and cutting down woodland areas and delivering the wood to the boats.[4]

Nailed to a tree was a coffee mill, accessible to everyone to grind their coffee beans. Afterward, the area was named Coffee Mill Hammock, including a road by the same name.[4]

Without local fencing laws in the 1920s, cows grazed freely and dairy products were free, "if one had the determination and a drawdy pole."[4]

"The drawdy pole was long with a loop of rope firmly attached to the end. The loop was hooked around the cow's horns, and the pole twisted to tighten the grip of the horns. Finally, the cow could only move in a slight semi-circle, and it could be milked."[4]

There was no supplemental feed; the cows were free-range. Fourteen to twenty cows provided enough milk for a family. There was "sweet milk for drinking, sour milk for bread, butter, and other milk by-products."[4]

Hogs were raised and sold to the locals and hauled to Fort Myers. "At that time, the cattle were too scrawny to be slaughtered, and the price wasn't nearly as good as for hogs."[4]

A train depot was built after Chihi, a railroad crossing, was finished. The first bridge tender at the railroad was Eugene Walker, who "bought the cane mill from an outlaw for $112" and was still the owner in 1985.[4] The depot was used as a refuge for flooding for those in lower areas around Ortona's ridge.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ortona, Glades County, Florida". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  2. ^ Ortona Mounds Visit Glades
  3. ^ Ortona Archived 2014-03-30 at the Wayback Machine. AAA Heritage Tours
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Wright & Ratzlaff (1985). Glades County: Florida History. 2299 Riverside Drive, P.O. Box 1069, Moore Haven, Florida 33471: Rainbow Books / Betty Wright.

Coordinates: 26°48′47″N 81°18′56″W / 26.81306°N 81.31556°W / 26.81306; -81.31556