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Temporal range: Late Miocene–Recent
Orycteropus afer stuffed.jpg
Orycteropus afer - Aardvark
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Superorder: Afrotheria
Order: Tubulidentata
Family: Orycteropodidae
Genus: Orycteropus
G. Cuvier, 1798
Type species
Myrmecophaga afra
Pallas, 1766

3, see text

Orycteropus is a genus of mammals in the family Orycteropodidae within Tubulidentata.[1] The genus is known from Late Miocene to Recent of Africa.[2]

The only living species within Tubulidentata is the aardvark (Orycteropus afer).


Three species are recognized:[2]

Other species previously assigned to Orycteropus are now classified in the genus Amphiorycteropus.[2]


  1. ^ Schlitter, D.A. (2005). "Order Tubulidentata". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ a b c Lehmann, T. (2009). "Phylogeny and systematics of the Orycteropodidae (Mammalia, Tubulidentata)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 155 (3): 649–702. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00460.x. 
  3. ^ MacInnes, D.G. (1955). "Fossil Tubulidentata from East Africa". Fossil Mammals of Africa. 10: 1–38. 
  4. ^ Lehmann, T.; Vignaud, P.; Mackaye, H.T.; Brunet, M. (2004). "A fossil aardvark (Mammalia, Tubulidentata) from the lower Pliocene of Chad". Journal of African Earth Sciences. 40 (5): 201–217. doi:10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2005.01.001. 

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