Os justi (Bruckner)

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Os Justi
Motet by Anton Bruckner
Stift Sankt Florian 0145.JPG
Interior of St. Florian Abbey, where the dedicatee was choir master
KeyLydian mode
CatalogueWAB 30
FormGradual
LanguageLatin
Composed18 July 1879 (1879-07-18): Vienna
DedicationIgnaz Traumihler
Published1886 (1886): Vienna
VocalSSAATTBB choir
InstrumentalOrgan (verse Inveni David)

Os Justi ("The mouth of the righteous"), WAB 30, is a sacred motet composed by Anton Bruckner in 1879. Os Justi is a Gregorian chant used as gradual of the Commune Doctorum,[1] and as introit I[2] and gradual II[3] of the Commune Confessoris non Pontificis.

History[edit]

Bruckner composed this gradual on 18 July 1879. Bruckner dedicated it to Ignaz Traumihler, choirmaster of St. Florian Abbey.[4]

When Traumihler saw the manuscript, he asked: "Ist's der ganze Text?" (Is this the whole text?) Therefore, Bruckner added on 28 July 1879 a verse Inveni David in Gregorian mode followed by a repeat of the Alleluja.[4][5]

The first performance occurred not as foreseen on Traumihler's name-day (31 July 1879), but four weeks later, on 28 August 1879 on the feast of Saint Augustinus under Traumihler's baton, with Bruckner at the organ.[4][5]

The work was first edited by Theodor Rättig, Vienna in 1886, together with three other graduals: Locus iste, Christus factus est and Virga Jesse. In this first edition, something went wrong: the motet and the first Alleluja were issued, but not the extra verse (Inveni David) and the repeat of the Alleluja. The extra verse and the repeat of the Alleluja were — wrongly — classified by Grasberger as a separate work (Inveni David, WAB 20).[4]

The full original setting, the manuscrits of which are archived at the Österreichische Nationalbibliothek,[6] is put in Band XXI/28 of the Gesamtausgabe.[7]

Text and music[edit]

The text of the motet is two verses of Psalm 37, which is Psalm 36 in the Vulgata (Psalms 37:30–31). The text of the added verse is taken from Psalm 89 (Psalms 89:20).

Os justi meditabitur sapientiam:
et lingua ejus loquetur judicium.
Lex Dei ejus in corde ipsius:
et non supplantabuntur gressus ejus.
Alleluia.
Inveni David servum meum,
oleo sancto meo unxi eum.
Alleluia.

The mouth of the righteous utters wisdom,
and his tongue speaks what is just.
The law of his God is in his heart:
and his feet do not falter.
Alleluia.[8]
I have found David, my servant;
I have anointed him with my holy oil.
Alleluia.[9]

The original work of 18 July 1879, a 69-bar gradual, is scored in Lydian mode for choir a cappella. On two occasions (bars 9-13 and 51-56) the choir is divided into eight voices. The second part on "Et lingua ejus" (bars 16-42) is a fugato without any alteration.[10] The last sentence, on "et non supplantabuntur" (bars 65-69), is sung pianissimo by the soprano, on a sustained tonic chord by the five other voices (ATTBB).[10] It is followed by a 2-bar, unison Alleluja in Gregorian mode.

On 28 July 1879, Bruckner added an extra verse Inveni David scored for unison male voices with organ accompaniment, and a repeat of the 2-bar Alleluja.[4] According to Elisabeth Maier the melody of the Alleluja is a quote of the Alleluja of the introit In medio ecclesiae of the Missa de Doctoribus.[11] The extra verse is apparently Bruckner's own composition.[4]

Traumihler was a fervent supporter of the Cecilian Movement; the reason why Bruckner composed this motet in Lydian mode, without any alteration in the key and in the whole score, and with large use of unaltered chords.[5]

Selected discography[edit]

The first recording of Os justi occurred in 1931:

  • Ludwig Berberich, Münchner Domchor – 78 rpm: Christschall 141

The large majority of the recordings follows the first edition, sometimes without Alleluja. A selection among the about 120 recordings:

  • George Guest, St. John's College Choir Cambridge, The World of St. John's 1958–1977 – LP: Argo ZRG 760, 1973
  • Matthew Best, Corydon Singers, Bruckner: Motets – CD: Hyperion CDA66062, 1982
  • Elmar Hausmann, Capella Vocale St. Aposteln Köln, Anton Bruckner, Missa solemnis in B, Motetten – LP: Aulos AUL 53 569, 1983
  • Wolfgang Schäfer, Freiburg Vocal Ensemble, Anton Bruckner: Motetten – CD: Christophorus 74 501, 1984
  • Philippe Herreweghe, la Chapelle Royale/Collegium Vocale, Ensemble Musique Oblique, Bruckner: Messe en mi mineur; Motets – CD: Harmonia Mundi France HMC 901322, 1989
  • Joseph Pancik, Prager Kammerchor, Anton Bruckner: Motetten / Choral-Messe – CD: Orfeo C 327 951 A, 1993
  • John Eliot Gardiner, Monteverdi Choir, Bruckner: Mass No. 1; Motets – CD: DG 459 674-2, 1998
  • Hans-Christoph Rademann, NDR Chor Hamburg, Anton Bruckner: Ave Maria – Carus 83.151, 2000
  • Petr Fiala, Czech Philharmonic Choir, Anton Bruckner: Motets – CD: MDG 322 1422-2, 2006
  • Marcus Creed, SWR Symphony Orchestra and Stuttgart-Radio Vocal Ensemble, Mass in E minor and Motets – CD: Hänssler Classic SACD 93.199, 2007
  • Stephen Layton, Polyphony Choir, Bruckner: Mass in E minor & Motets – CD: Hyperion CDA 67629, 2007
  • Erwin Ortner, Arnold Schoenberg Chor, Anton Bruckner: Tantum ergo – CD: ASC Edition 3, issue of the choir, 2008

There are only a few recordings with the full motet, i.e., with the verse Inveni David:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commune Doctorum
  2. ^ Commune Confessoris non Pontificis (I)
  3. ^ Commune Confessoris non Pontificis (II)
  4. ^ a b c d e f van Zwol, pp. 706-707
  5. ^ a b c van Zwol, pp. 237-238
  6. ^ U. Harten, pp. 221 & 326
  7. ^ Gesamtausgabe - Kleine Kirchenmusikwerke
  8. ^ Os justi meditabitur on ChoralWiki
  9. ^ Inveni David on ChoralWiki
  10. ^ a b M. Auer, pp. 72-73
  11. ^ Elisabeth Maier, Der Choral in den Kirchenwerken Bruckners, Bruckner-Symposion, 1985, cited in: U. Harten, p. 327

Sources[edit]

  • Max Auer, Anton Bruckner als Kirchenmusiker, G. Bosse, Regensburg, 1927
  • Anton Bruckner – Sämtliche Werke, Band XXI: Kleine Kirchenmusikwerke, Musikwissenschaftlicher Verlag der Internationalen Bruckner-Gesellschaft, Hans Bauernfeind and Leopold Nowak (Editor), Vienna, 1984/2001
  • Uwe Harten, Anton Bruckner. Ein Handbuch, Residenz Verlag, Salzburg, 1996, ISBN 3-7017-1030-9
  • Cornelis van Zwol, Anton Bruckner 1824–1896 – Leven en werken, uitg. Thoth, Bussum, Netherlands, 2012. ISBN 978-90-6868-590-9

External links[edit]