From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationOsan-si
 • McCune-ReischauerOsan-si
Official logo of Osan
Emblem of Osan
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country South Korea
Administrative divisions6 dong
 • Total42.76 km2 (16.51 sq mi)
 • Total193,892
 • Density2,824.2/km2 (7,315/sq mi)
 • Dialect

Osan (Korean pronunciation: [o.san]) is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea, approximately 35 km (22 mi) south of Seoul. The population of the city is around 200,000. The local economy is supported by a mix of agricultural and industrial enterprises.

It is famous for one of the largest markets in South Korea, Osan Market, which has been in continuous operation since 1792.[citation needed] The city was the scene of brutal battles with communist forces taking the city during the Korean War in 1950 (see Battle of Osan), before being then taken back by American forces soon afterwards; there is a statue dedicated to UN forces on the outskirts of the city.

The United States Air Force base named after the city, Osan AB, is not actually located in the city, but is instead 8 km (5.0 mi) south, in the Songtan section (formerly a separate city) of Pyeongtaek.

Osan Station is a large subway station located in the heart of Osan. It is part of the Seoul Subway Line 1 and the KTX. There is a bus terminal next to the subway station and many buses stop in front of the subway station.


Osan came to be called by its current name in 1914, at the time of a general reorganization of local governments under Japanese rule. At that time it became Osan-myeon, part of Suwon. This name in turn was taken from that of a local stream, the Osancheon. However, prior to the Japanese occupation, the name had been rendered in hanja as 鰲山, meaning "soft-shelled turtle mountain." Because of the complexity of the 鰲 ("o") character, and because crows were abundant in the area, the Japanese changed the name to 烏山, meaning "crow mountain school."[citation needed]


  • based on the data created in dec 2011
Population: 193,892
Daily Deaths: 1.1
Daily Marriage: 3.7
Daily Divorce: 0.9
Fires a Day: 0.3
Students per Teacher: 29
Number of Cars: 71,572

Administrative districts[edit]

The administrative districts of Osan City consists of six administrative districts and 24 legal districts. Osan City has a population of 228,111 and 97,348 households as of the end of June 2020.[1]

Name Hangul Hanja Household Population Area Legal districts
Chopyeong-dong 초평동 楚坪洞 6,946 16,204 6.48 km² Beoreum-dong (벌음동; 伐音洞), Dugok-dong (두곡동; 斗谷洞), Part of Gasu-dong (가수동; 佳水洞), Part of Nueup-dong (누읍동; 樓邑洞), Seo-dong (서동; 西洞), Tap-dong (탑동; 塔洞)
Daewon-dong 대원동 大園洞 26,921 64,484 6.20 km² Part of Busan-dong (부산동; 釜山洞), Cheongho-dong (청호동; 淸湖洞), Part of Galgot-dong (갈곶동; 葛串洞), Gohyeon-dong (고현동; 高峴洞), Part of Osan-dong (오산동; 烏山洞), Won-dong (원동; 園洞)
Jungang-dong 중앙동 中央洞 14,080 36,243 3.66 km² Part of Busan-dong, Part of Eungye-dong (은계동; 銀溪洞), Part of Osan-dong
Namchon-dong 남촌동 南村洞 12,895 19,925 6.06 km² Cheonghak-dong (청학동; 靑鶴洞), Gajang-dong (가장동; 佳長洞), Part of Galgot-dong, Part of Gasu-dong, Part of Gwol-dong (궐동; 闕洞), Part of Osan-dong
Sema-dong 세마동 洗馬洞 12,519 31,862 13.32 km² Jigot-dong (지곶동; 紙串洞), Oesammi-dong (외삼미동; 外三美洞), Segyo-dong (세교동; 細橋洞), Seorang-dong (서랑동; 西廊洞), Yangsan-dong (양산동; 陽山洞)
Sinjang-dong 신장동 新場洞 23,987 59,393 7.04 km² Part of Eungye-dong, Geumam-dong (금암동; 錦岩洞), Part of Gwol-dong, Naesammi-dong (내삼미동; 內三美洞), Sucheong-dong (수청동; 水淸洞)
Total 97,348 228,111 42.76 km²

Sister cities[edit]


Kyochon, a fried chicken chain, has its head office in Osan.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1]." Retrieved on March 1, 2020.
  2. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 4 January 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  3. ^ "Contact." Kyochon. Retrieved on November 3, 2009.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°08′59″N 127°04′38″E / 37.149799°N 127.077116°E / 37.149799; 127.077116