Osbaldwick

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Osbaldwick
Osbaldwick1.JPG
Osbaldwick village
Osbaldwick is located in North Yorkshire
Osbaldwick
Osbaldwick
 Osbaldwick shown within North Yorkshire
Population 2,902 (2011)
OS grid reference SE634518
Civil parish Osbaldwick
Unitary authority City of York
Ceremonial county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO10 3
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament York Outer
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°57′31″N 1°02′11″W / 53.9585°N 1.0365°W / 53.9585; -1.0365

Osbaldwick is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of the City of York in North Yorkshire, England. The population of the civil parish as taken at the Census 2011 was 2,902.[1] It has been in existence since at least the 11th century, and was declared a conservation area in 1978. It is the burial place of the nun Mary Ward.

History[edit]

It is mentioned three times in the Domesday Book as Osboldewic.[2] It is named after Osbald, an earl in the kingdom of Northumbria. At that time the manor was assessed with the city of York and the lands held by the Church of St Peter, York. It was the first Norman Archbishop of York that created the office of Prebend of Osbaldwick. The earliest mention of an incumbent of this office was of Richard le Brun in 1270. The office was de facto lord of the manor of the village. In 1852, the Church was allowed to sell off land and Osbaldwick Manor was sold to a Thomas Samuel Watkinson, later the Lord Mayor of York.[3]

Governance[edit]

The village is within the York Outer UK Parliament constituency. It is also a ward of the same name within York Unitary Authority. Before 1996 it was part of the Ryedale district.[4]

Geography[edit]

Osbaldwick Beck

Osbaldwick is now effectively a suburb of York, about 2 miles (3.2 km) east of the city. The village proper lies mostly along one street called Osbaldwick Village. Newer housing surrounds this and Osbaldwick is now effectively bounded on three sides by the A1079 to the south, the A64 that forms part of York's Ring Road) to the east and by green-belt land to the north. To the west, newer housing merges into the Tang Hall district.

Light industrial/trading estates exist to the east of the village heading towards Murton) and along Osbaldwick Link Road which links it to the A1079. A new (2006) housing development built in 2006, known as Murton Gardens, was built by Wimpey Homes on the link road on the site of a farm building and surrounding fields. A development known as Derwenthorpe was granted planning permission on 10 May 2007 for the green-belt land north of the village. Some farmland also exists between Osbaldwick and Murton.

Osbaldwick Beck runs through the village and is part of the tributary system of the River Foss.[4]

Demography[edit]

The 1881 UK Census recorded the population as 340.[5] According to the 2001 UK Census the parish had a population of 2,726, of which 2,243 were over the age of sixteen years and 1,115 of those were in employment. There were 1,200 dwellings of which 364 were detached.[6]

Transport[edit]

Between 1913 and 1926 Osbaldwick was served by a station on the Derwent Valley Light Railway.[7] This line remained open to freight until 1981, and Sustrans National Cycle Route 66 now runs on the former track bed from the village into York.[8][9]

Osbaldwick is also served by two bus routes operated by First York and Transdev York.

Landmarks[edit]

The village is home to Osbaldwick Hall, a Grade II Listed Building,[10] and to the 12th century St. Thomas's church.

Facilities[edit]

The Derwent Arms

The village has two pubs, the Derwent Arms in the old part of the village and the Magnet near the newer houses on Osbaldwick Lane, as well as a small number of local shops. The village post office closed in July 2003.[citation needed]

Education in the village is provided by Osbaldwick Primary School,[11] and most pupils transfer after Year 6 to Archbishop Holgate's School.[12]

Derwent Arms[edit]

The Derwent Arms was built in 1823 when it was known as The Black Bull. It consisted of the main pub house and a stable for two horses with a granary over it. To the right were two cow houses with a small orchard and pig pen behind. In front of this was another outbuilding. In the early years the pub had a wash house. Later, a long cattle shed for eight or nine cows was added onto the west side of the stable.[13] It was later renamed The Derwent Arms after the Derwent Valley Light Railway that used to run through the village. It currently consists of a rendered brick building with the public rooms on the ground floor and accommodation for the owners above. The pub has a large field which is used to host community events such as the village fair and a bonfire night.[citation needed]

Religion[edit]

The 12th-century Church of England parish church dedicated to St Thomas originally dates from the 12th century. Windows in the north wall date from the 12th, 13th and 14th century. The church has been reordered and extended on a number of occasions, notably in 1877 by John Oldrid Scott[14] and by later architects in both 1967 and 2005.

The Rev. William Ball Wright, noted genealogist and one of the first SPG Anglican missionaries to Japan, served as vicar of the parish from 1903 to 1912.[15][16]

A window in the church is a memorial to former Sheriff and Lord Mayor of York, James Barber.[5] It is the burial place of the Roman Catholic nun Mary Ward, who founded the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary, also known as the Sisters of Loreto. The Church registers show that a Dorothy Paston Bedingfield, a superior of the order, was also buried here.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 February 2016. 
  2. ^ Osbaldwick in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Local History". Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  4. ^ a b [<cite%20class="citation%20web">"Archived%20copy".%20Archived%20from%20[1]%20on%205%20October%202012<span%20class="reference-accessdate">.%20Retrieved%20<span%20class="nowrap">14%20October%202012.<span%20title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AOsbaldwick&rft.btitle=Archived+copy&rft.genre=unknown&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ordnancesurvey.co.uk%2Foswebsite%2Fopendata%2Fviewer%2F&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook"%20class="Z3988"><span%20style="display:none;">  Ordnance Survey Open Viewer]
  5. ^ a b Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 770, 771. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  6. ^ "2001 UK Census". Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "Disused station". Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  8. ^ "Led cycle rides are a chance to enjoy the sunshine – City of York Council". www.york.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2009. 
  9. ^ "Sustrans Route 66". Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "Listed Building". Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  11. ^ Osbaldwick Primary School
  12. ^ Archbishop Holgate's School
  13. ^ Wilde, David. David Wilkinson, ed. Osbaldwick: A suburban village. 
  14. ^ "About the Parish". The Parish of Osbaldwick with Merton. 
  15. ^ "Lost Clergymen: Mystery of 400 Clerics, Missing Yorks Vicar" (Vol L Issue 15269). New Zealand Herald. 5 April 1913. 
  16. ^ "Rev. W.B. Wright of Tokyo". The Library of Nineteenth-Century Photography.