Oscar (therapy cat)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Oscar is a therapy cat living in the Steere House Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Providence, Rhode Island, U.S. since 2005. He came to public attention in 2007 when he was featured in an article by geriatrician David Dosa in the New England Journal of Medicine. According to Dosa, Oscar appears able to predict the impending death of terminally ill patients by choosing to nap next to people a few hours before they die. Hypotheses for this ability include that Oscar is picking up on the lack of movement in such patients or that he can smell biochemicals released by dying cells.[1]

Oscar was also the subject of Dosa's 2010 book, Making Rounds With Oscar: The Extraordinary Gift of an Ordinary Cat.[2]

Background[edit]

Oscar is a therapy cat that was one of six cats adopted in 2005 by the Steere House Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Providence, Rhode Island, U.S. Steere House, which bills itself as a "pet friendly" facility that allows a variety of pets to visit and reside there, is a 41-bed unit that treats people with end-stage Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease and other illnesses, most of whom are generally unaware of their surroundings.[3] Oscar has been described as generally aloof and "not a cat that's friendly to people",[4] sometimes hissing at people when he wanted to be left alone.[5]

Death prediction[edit]

After Oscar had been at Steere House for around six months, staff noticed that Oscar often chose to nap next to residents who died within several hours of his arrival. It seemed to staff as if Oscar were trying to comfort and provide company to people as they died.[6][5]

Joan Teno, a physician at Steere House, clarified that "it's not that the cat is consistently there first. But the cat always does manage to make an appearance, and it always seems to be in the last two hours."[7]

After Oscar accurately predicted 25 deaths, staff started calling family members of residents as soon as they discovered him sleeping next to someone in order to notify them and give them an opportunity to say goodbye before the impending death.[5] As of January 2010, Oscar had accurately predicted approximately 50 patients' deaths.[2][clarification needed]

Oscar made international headlines in 2007 after the New England Journal of Medicine published an article about him by Steere House geriatrician David Dosa.[8]

Possible explanations[edit]

Teno and Dosa hypothesized that Oscar is responding to the smell of chemicals released when someone dies[6] or some other odor emitted during death.[4]

CBS News consulted several animal specialists who had various hypotheses, such as that Oscar may be smelling some chemical that's released just before death and his attendance in rooms with that odor may be a learned behavior or that he's picking up on the stillness and lack of movement in the room rather than a smell.[6]

Some have argued that Oscar does not have an ability to predict death, and that this is a case of confirmation bias.[9]

As of 2015, it is believed that Oscar has accurately predicted 100 deaths.[10]

In popular culture[edit]

  • In 2009, the 18th episode in the 5th season of the TV show House, "Here Kitty", involved a cat that had predicted numerous deaths by curling up next to dying victims' bedsides.
  • In 2010, a feature film was announced as being in development, based on Dosa's book.[11]
  • In 2010, Oscar was featured in episode 104 of Discovery Channel's show Weird or What?.
  • In 2013, Stephen King's Doctor Sleep sequel to The Shining, grown-up Dan Torrance is aided at a hospice by a prescient cat who can sense when people are about to die. King stated in an interview that Oscar served as an inspiration to the story.[12]
  • In 2014, the comedy film Just Before I Go features a cat seen curling up next to Greta's dying grandmother.
  • Seattle-based punk rock band Tacocat wrote a song about him entitled "Oscar".
  • In 2016, Season 27, Episode 13, "Love Is in the N2-O2-Ar-CO2-Ne-He-CH4", of The Simpsons, Homer visits his father Abe at the Springfield Retirement Castle where the residents are afraid of "the cat that can tell that if you're dying". A scene includes a retiree in a walker in front of the home dropping dead on the sidewalk when the cat walks in front of him and screeches.
  • In 2015, Oscar inspired a children's book, "Oscar il gatto custode", written by Chiara Valentina Segré and illustrated by Paolo Domeniconi, published by the Italian publisher Camelozampa. The book was then published by Ragged Bears in the UK and by Gibbs-Smith in North America, with the title "Oscar the guardian cat".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leonard, Tom (February 1, 2010), "Cat predicts 50 deaths in RI nursing home", The Daily Telegraph 
  2. ^ a b Henry, Ray; Associated Press (January 31, 2010). "Just-Released Book Profiles Feline Angel of Death". PMC 3603749Freely accessible. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Pet therapy". Steere House website. Retrieved March 20, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b Associated Press (July 26, 2007). "Oscar the Cat Predicts Nursing Home Deaths". Fox News. Retrieved March 20, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c Dosa, DM (2007). "A day in the life of Oscar the cat" (PDF). New England Journal of Medicine. 357 (4): 328–9. doi:10.1056/NEJMp078108. PMID 17652647. 
  6. ^ a b c Doheny, Kathleen (July 25, 2007). "Cat's 'Sixth Sense' Predicting Death?". CBS News. Retrieved August 4, 2016. 
  7. ^ Haines, Lester (July 26, 2007), "Cat senses impending death", The Register, retrieved August 4, 2016 
  8. ^ Kaufmann, Carol (June 10, 2010), "An Angel With Whiskers: Interview with Dr. David Dosa, author of 'Making Rounds With Oscar: The Extraordinary Gift of an Ordinary Cat'", AARP Bulletin, AARP 
  9. ^ MacGregor, Trish; MacGregor, Rob. Sensing the Future: How to Tap Into Your Intuition and Read Signs From the Universe to Predict What's to Come. Page Street Publishing. p. 97. 
  10. ^ Raven, David (30 March 2015). "Can Oscar the cat predict people's deaths?". mirror. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  11. ^ McClintock, Pamela (2010-08-20). "Feline Oscar heads to big-screen". Variety.com. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  12. ^ "Stephen King unearths origin of 'The Shining' sequel 'Doctor Sleep'". EW.com. Archived from the original on 2013-02-05.