February 7, 1920|
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
September 30, 2016 (aged 96)|
Great Neck, New York, U.S.
|Nationality||Canadian-born naturalized U.S. citizen|
Oscar Brand (February 7, 1920 – September 30, 2016) was a Canadian-born American folk singer-songwriter and author. In his career, spanning 70 years, he composed at least 300 songs and released nearly 100 albums, among them Canadian and American patriotic songs. Brand's music ran the gamut from novelty songs to serious social commentary and spanned a number of genres. He also wrote a number of short stories.
Life and career
Brand was born to a Jewish family in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. His father was a Romanian-born flooring contractor, Isidore Brand. His mother was named Beatrice. In 1927, the family moved to Minneapolis, then to Chicago and ultimately to New York City. As a young man, Oscar lived in Borough Park, Brooklyn and graduated from Erasmus Hall High School and later from Brooklyn College.
In his long career he played alongside such legends of folk music as Lead Belly, Woody Guthrie, Josh White, Jean Ritchie, The Weavers and Pete Seeger. He wrote various books on the folk song and folk song collections including The Ballad Mongers: Rise of the American Folk Song, Songs Of '76: A Folksinger's History Of The Revolution and Bawdy Songs & Backroom Ballads, the latter comprising four volumes.
Brand is well known for having composed catchy, themed, folk songs, including the eponymous theme to his initially CTV and then CBC television show "Let's Sing Out" and the Canadian patriotic song "Something to Sing About" (actual title: "This Land of Ours"), which is one of Canada's national songs. He was also a frequent performer at the Mariposa Folk Festival during this period, including performances in 1962, 1968, 1969, and 1987, as well as the 50th anniversary in 2010. He collaborated on a number of musicals, most notably The Education of H*Y*M*A*N K*A*P*L*A*N (a musical version of Leo Rosten's stories about the fictional Jewish character Hyman Kaplan), How to Steal an Election, and A Joyful Noise.
He hosted the radio show Oscar Brand's Folksong Festival every Saturday at 10 p.m. on WNYC-AM 820 in New York City, which ran into in its 70th year. The show ran more or less continuously since its debut on December 10, 1945, making it the longest-running radio show with the same host, according to the Guinness Book of World Records. Over its run it introduced such talents to the world as Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, Woody Guthrie, Arlo Guthrie, Huddie Ledbetter, Joni Mitchell, Peter, Paul & Mary, Judy Collins, the Kingston Trio, Pete Seeger and The Weavers. In order to make sure that his radio program could not be censored he refused to be paid by WNYC for the next 70 years.
He wrote the lyrics to the song "A Guy is a Guy" (1952), which became a hit for Doris Day. He also wrote the English lyrics to the song "Shlub-a-Dubba-Dub" (1961) which became a minor hit for Mitch Miller.
He contributed stories and songs for the "Young People's Records" label, including "Noah's Ark".
He was a great friend to the folksinger Jean Ritchie for many years, and the pair recorded several duets together, including the British song "Keys to Canterbury".
Although Brand was anti-Stalinist and was never a member of the Communist party, the House Committee on Un-American Activities referred to his show as a "pipeline of communism", because of his belief in the rights under the First Amendment of blacklisted artists to have a platform to reach the public. Accordingly, in June 1950, Brand was named in the premier issue of Red Channels as a Communist sympathizer, along with Paul Robeson, Josh White and Pete Seeger.
While Brand was not as well-known or radical an activist as some of his contemporaries, he was a long-standing supporter of civil rights. He told stories of buying food for Leadbelly when the two traveled together in segregated areas, and participated in the 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches.
Brand was one of the original organizers of the Newport Folk Festival which began in 1959.
In the early 1960s, Brand brought his substantial connections in the worldwide folk music community home to his native Canada with his CTV and then CBC television program Let's Sing Out. The program was staged at and broadcast from university campuses across Canada and both revived the careers of long-forgotten pioneers of the folk music movement such as Malvina Reynolds, the Womenfolk, The Weavers and others and introduced then-unknown Canadian singers such as Joni Mitchell and Gordon Lightfoot. His score for the 1968 Off-Broadway show, How to Steal An Election sent up the current belief that charisma would help a candidate win. Songs included "Charisma" (sung by Calvin Coolidge) and "Down Among the Grassroots". The album cover was decorated with election buttons including the 1968 Nixon campaign.
Brand also served during the 1960s as a board member of the Children's Television Workshop and participated in the development of Sesame Street. Because of some mild disagreements that had occurred between Brand and the board members regarding the appropriate setting for the show, it has been reputed that as a playful joke, the character of Oscar the Grouch was named after him, although there are dueling tales as to the origin of the character.
Brand was given the Peabody Award for broadcast excellence in 1982 for his broadcast The Sunday Show on National Public Radio, and was awarded the Personal Peabody Award in 1997 (shared with Oprah Winfrey).
Brand authored a number of short stories, including:
- "The Miser's Gold," about two young brothers who dare each other to spend the night in an allegedly haunted house - only to discover that "allegedly" is inapplicable. The boys encounter the ghost of a wealthy but lonely man; greatly amused by their reasons for being there, he names them as heirs to his considerable fortune.
- "The Hitchhiker," about a young man who, on his way home from a party, picks up a beautiful young woman who turns out to be much more than she seems.
On January 18, 2010, WoodSongs Old-Time Radio Hour celebrated Brand's upcoming 90th birthday and the 65th anniversary of his radio career before an audience from Lexington, Kentucky, where host Michael Johnathan and guest Josh White, Jr. performed with Brand and talked with him about his life. On February 7, 2010, CBC Radio's "Sunday Edition" celebrated Brand's life on the occasion of his 90th birthday.
- thevillager.com 2014
- Martin, Douglas (October 1, 2016). "Oscar Brand, Folk Singer Whose Radio Show Twanged for Decades, Dies at 96". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- Oscar Brand discography
- Mariposa Folk Foundation 1987 program. 1987. p. 11.
- Oscar Brand sings the Erie Canal.
- IBDb: The Education of H*Y*M*A*N K*A*P*L*A*N
- IBDb: A Joyful Noise
- "Mitch Miller With Orchestra And Chorus* - Tunes Of Glory / Shlub-A-Dubba-Dub". Discogs. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
- Daily News: "60 yrs. of his Brand of music"
- "1965 Selma to Montgomery, Alabama Civil Rights March".
- "Oscar Brand". The Canadian Encyclopedia
- "How to Steal an Election"
- Sunday Edition, CBC Radio, 7 February 2010.
- "Tribute to singer to be aired on 12". Virgin Islands Daily News. July 23, 1977. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- Peabody Awards: Oscar Brand - Personal Award