Oscar V. Peterson
|Oscar Verner Peterson|
Chief Watertender Oscar V. Peterson, USN.
August 27, 1899|
|Died||May 13, 1942
Died of wounds, Coral Sea
|Buried||Buried at sea|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1920–1942|
|Unit||USS Neosho (AO-23)|
|Battles/wars||World War II
• Battle of the Coral Sea
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Oscar Verner Peterson (August 27, 1899 – May 13, 1942) was a Chief Petty Officer in the United States Navy who received the Medal of Honor posthumously in World War II for his actions during the Battle of the Coral Sea.
Early life and career
Peterson was born in Prentice, Wisconsin, and enlisted in the Navy on December 8, 1920. After his initial training, he spent his entire Navy career of over twenty years on sea duty aboard various ships. He and his wife Lola had two sons, Fred and Donald.
Battle of the Coral Sea
On May 7, 1942, during the Battle of the Coral Sea, the Neosho was heavily damaged by Japanese dive bombers. In one bombing raid, Peterson and members of the repair party he led were severely wounded. Despite his injuries, he managed to close four bulkhead steam line valves, but suffered third-degree burns to his face, shoulders, arms and hands in the process. By shutting the valves, Peterson isolated the steam to the engine room and helped keep the ship operational.
The Neosho eventually sank on May 11, and the surviving crewmen were picked up by another ship. Peterson died of his burn injuries on May 13 and was buried at sea, several hundred miles off the coast of Australia.
For his actions during the battle, Peterson was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor later that year, on December 7. For unknown reasons, his family did not receive his medal in a formal presentation ceremony as was typical. Instead, the medal and accompanying certificate were mailed to his widow.
Peterson's official Medal of Honor citation reads:
For extraordinary courage and conspicuous heroism above and beyond the call of duty while in charge of a repair party during an attack on the U.S.S. Neosho by enemy Japanese aerial forces on 7 May 1942. Lacking assistance because of injuries to the other members of his repair party and severely wounded himself, Peterson, with no concern for his own life, closed the bulkhead stop valves and in so doing received additional burns which resulted in his death. His spirit of self-sacrifice and loyalty, characteristic of a fine seaman, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country.
- Medal of Honor
- Purple Heart
- Good Conduct Medal
- American Defense Service Medal with "FLEET" clasp
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with two battle stars
- World War II Victory Medal
After Peterson's death, his widow and children moved from California to Richfield, Idaho. His wife Lola died in 1991, and his son Donald in 2008. On April 3, 2010, sixty-eight years after the Battle of the Coral Sea, a Medal of Honor presentation ceremony was held to amend for the one Peterson's wife never received. Rear Admiral James A. Symonds presented the medal and a forty-eight star U.S. flag to Peterson's surviving son, Fred. The ceremony, held at the Richfield meetinghouse of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, was attended by roughly 850 people, including family members, veterans, and officials from the military and Idaho state government. A military-issued memorial marker for Peterson was placed in Richfield Cemetery the same day.
The U.S. Navy destroyer escort USS Peterson was named in his honor.
- David, Cooper (April 4, 2010). "Medal of Honor recipient Peterson memorialized in Richfield". Times-News. Twin Falls, Idaho. Archived from the original on April 7, 2010.
- "Medal of Honor recipients - World War II (M–S)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved April 7, 2010.
- Posthumous Medal of Honor given to S. Idaho family
- Idaho town to hold ceremony at Mormon church to honor WWII hero
- Medal of Honor Ceremony for Oscar Peterson
- "Oscar V. Peterson". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved July 26, 2010.