Oschatz

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Oschatz
Oschatz old town
Oschatz old town
Coat of arms of Oschatz
Coat of arms
Location of Oschatz within Nordsachsen district
Oschatz in TDO.png
Oschatz is located in Germany
Oschatz
Oschatz
Oschatz is located in Saxony
Oschatz
Oschatz
Coordinates: 51°18′1″N 13°6′26″E / 51.30028°N 13.10722°E / 51.30028; 13.10722Coordinates: 51°18′1″N 13°6′26″E / 51.30028°N 13.10722°E / 51.30028; 13.10722
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictNordsachsen
Government
 • MayorAndreas Kretschmar (Ind.)
Area
 • Total55.31 km2 (21.36 sq mi)
Elevation
120 m (390 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total14,450
 • Density260/km2 (680/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
04758
Dialling codes03435
Vehicle registrationTDO, DZ, EB, OZ, TG, TO
Websitewww.oschatz.org

Oschatz is a town in the district Nordsachsen, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is located 60 km east of Leipzig and 60 km west of Dresden.

Geography[edit]

Site and climate[edit]

Climate diagram for Oschatz

Oschatz lies in the Saxon Lowland and is located on the river Döllnitz, which joins the river Elbe as a left tributary 15 km away near Riesa. Oschatz is situated near the forested regions of the Dahlener Heath as well as the Wermsdorf Forest and the Collmberg. Neighboring districts include: Liebschützberg, Strehla, Riesa, Stauchitz, Naundorf, Wermsdorf and Dahlen.

The average air temperature in Oschatz is approximately 8.6 °C,[2] the annual rainfall is about 570 millimeters.[3]

Subdistricts[edit]

The administrative district of the town Oschatz also contains the following 14 townlands:

  • Kleinforst
  • Altoschatz
  • Fliegerhorst
  • Leuben
  • Limbach
  • Lonnewitz
  • Mannschatz
  • Merkwitz
  • Rechau
  • Schmorkau
  • Striesa
  • Thalheim (with Saalhausen and Kreischa)
  • Zöschau
  • Zschöllau

History[edit]

Early times to 18th century[edit]

The area of the present-day town has been settled since Neolithic times. The name Oschatz derives from the Sorbian word for abatis. The first written mention was in 1200 as a name "Johannes de Ozzetz", however the association to Oschatz is uncertain. The first definite mention of the town dates from 1238, as Ozzechz is mentioned in a document from the Henry III, Margrave of Meißen. The oldest document found in the town aarchive is an indulgence letter from Bishop Conrad of Meißen, dated 1246. In 1344 the people's army The Geharnischten certified for the association of towns Oschatz, Torgau and Grimma, and a schoolmaster was employed in 1365. A fort in Oschatz was first mentioned in 1377, and a watch tower was erected at the site of the current museum. The town received market rights in 1394.

The town hall was built in the Market Square in 1477. In 1478 the town was awarded its own jurisdiction by the local rulers. The current town hall was built between 1538 and 1546. During the Reformation Oschatz, like many towns in the region, turned Protestant. There are still letters from Luther, Melanchthon and Justus Jonas in the town archives.

Plague killed 900 of 3000 inhabitants in 1566.

Oschatz was scene of a witchcraft trial in 1583. Leonhard Sihra was convicted of sorcery and was hanged.[4]

In 1616 the town experienced a fire which destroyed 440 houses and storehouses.

19th century to modern times[edit]

Population development[edit]

Date Population[5]
1995-12-31 18,360 (est.)
2001-12-31 17,102 (est.)
2011-05-09 15,164 (census)
2011-12-31 14,991 (est.)
Oschatz in 1830
Oschatz Town Hall 1838
View in 1850

Monuments[edit]

  • Monument in the town park to the victims of Fascism with an additional memorial plaque for French Resistance fighters, which was erected in 1984
  • Graves and memorial stone in the graveyard beside the chapel for 19 female predominantly Jewish Concentration Camp prisoners, who were on a death march from one of the subcamps of Buchenwald when they died in April 1945
  • Memorial at the corner of Leipziger Platz and Friedrich-Naumann-Promenade in memory of the overnight stay of Ernst Thälmann, the chairman of the KPD before he was interned in Bautzen prison.
  • Plaque on the house at Strehlaer Straße 5, also in memorial of Thälmann.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Transport[edit]

Oschatz has a connection to the A14 autobahn via the exits Mutzschen, Leisnig or Döbeln-North. The Bundesstraße 6 goes through the town and the Bundesstraße 169 is few kilometres distant and connects with the A14 as well as the towns of Döbeln (towards Chemnitz) and Riesa (towards Cottbus).

Tourism[edit]

In the historic center is located 'Zum Schwan', one of the oldest inns in Saxony, founded in 1458. Oschatz is situated at the Via Regia, a centuries old trade route, recognised as Cultural Route of the Council of Europe.

Several historical monuments and other places of interest can be found in the old town.

St. Aegidien church, the main church which can be seen already from the distance when approaching Oschatz on the road.
Water well of 1589 at 'Neumarkt' market square.

Oschatz is the terminal station of the narrow gauge Döllnitzbahn.

The city hosted the 2006 Saxon Garden Exhibition (Landesgartenschau) and since that time has renovated and upgraded its landscape park.

International relations[edit]

Oschatz is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aktuelle Einwohnerzahlen nach Gemeinden 2017 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). October 2018.
  2. ^ Deutscher Wetterdienst: Mittelwerte der Temperatur in der Referenzperiode 1961–1990 nach Stationen (ZIP-Datei, 51 KB)
  3. ^ Deutscher Wetterdienst: Mittelwerte des Niederschlags in der Referenzperiode 1961–1990 nach Stationen (ZIP-Datei, 343 KB)
  4. ^ Manfred Wilde: Die Zauberei- und Hexenprozesse in Kursachsen, Köln, Weimar, Wien 2003, S. 554f.
  5. ^ "Oschatz (Nordsachsen, Gemeinden in Sachsen, Deutschland) - Einwohnerzahlen und Lage in Karten und Tabellen".

External links[edit]

Media related to Oschatz at Wikimedia Commons