|Comune di Oschiri|
Panorama from Santo Stefano
|• Total||215.5 km2 (83.2 sq mi)|
|Population (Dec. 2004)|
|• Density||17/km2 (44/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Oschiri (Gallurese: Óscari, Sardinian: Óscheri) is a comune (municipality) and former bishopric in the Province of Sassari in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 170 kilometres (110 mi) north of Cagliari and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of Olbia.
As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 3,696 and an area of 215.5 square kilometres (83.2 sq mi).
The municipality of Oschiri contains the frazione (subdivision) San Leonardo.
- See Castro for namesakes
Bishopric of Castro (di Sardegna)
Within the comune of Oschiri is the church of Nostra Signora di Castro, which was once the cathedral episcopal see of a diocese, centred on the now disappeared town of Castro. It was suffragan of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Sassari.
The bishopric dates back to Byzantine times (circa 1000 AD), but the earliest mention of a bishop of Castro is of 1116, when an unnamed bishop of the see assisted at the dedication of the Basilica di Saccargia. In 1164, its bishop Atto dedicated a church in the locality of Aneleto and granted it in the following year to Camaldolese monks.
Castro later decayed, and the bishop's residence was transferred to Bono.
On 8 December 1503, the territory of Castro and that of two other dioceses were combined to form the new diocese of Alghero (now Alghero-Bosa). Today what was the territory of Castro is part of that of the diocese of Ozieri
Castro itself, no longer a residential bishopric, is listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see since its nominal restoration as a Latin Catholic titular bishopric in 1968, initially simply as Castro, since 1976 as Castro di Sardegna, avoiding confusion with sees named Castro in Lazio and in Puglia.
It has had the following incumbents, both of the lowest (episcopal) and intermediary (archiepiscopal) ranks : Titular Archbishop Giuseppe Pittau, Jesuits (S.J.) (1998.07.11 – 2014.12.26) Titular Bishop Alfonso Sánchez Peña, Claretians (C.M.F.) (1969.07.28 – 1997.07.11) Titular Bishop (2015.07.15 – ...) Dominicus Meier, Benedictine Order (O.S.B.), Auxiliary Bishop of Paderborn (Germany)
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- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
- Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 836
- Giuseppe Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, Venice 1870, vol. XIII, pp. 145-146
- Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 174; vol. 2, pp. XIX e 121; vol. 3, p. 158
- Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 863
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