Oscoda County, Michigan

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Oscoda County, Michigan
Oscoda County Courthouse.jpg
Former Oscoda County Courthouse
Map of Michigan highlighting Oscoda County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1 April 1840 (created)
1881 (organized)[1]
Seat Mio
Largest community Big Creek Township
Area
 • Total 572 sq mi (1,481 km2)
 • Land 566 sq mi (1,466 km2)
 • Water 5.9 sq mi (15 km2), 1.0%
Population
 • (2010) 8,640
 • Density 15/sq mi (6/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern

Oscoda County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 8,640,[2] making it the fifth-least populous county in Michigan. The county seat is Mio,[3] an unincorporated community near the center of the county.

History[edit]

The county was established on 1 April 1840 by act of the Michigan State legislature. However, its governing structure was not completed until 1881.[1] The name is a Henry Rowe Schoolcraft neologism, thought to be a combination of two Ojibwa words, "ossin" (stone) and "muskoda" (prairie) -- hence 'pebbly prairie.'[4] He served as the US Indian agent and was also a geographer, surveying and naming newly established counties and towns.

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has an area of 572 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 566 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (1.0%) is water.[5] Oscoda County is part of Northern Michigan.

Geographic features[edit]

Glaciers shaped the area, creating a unique regional ecosystem. Much of the area is the Grayling outwash plain, a broad outwash plain including sandy ice-disintegration ridges, jack pine barrens, white pine-red pine forest, and northern hardwood forest. Large lakes were created by glacial action.[6]

Major highways[edit]

  • M-33 – runs north-south through the central part of the county. Passes Fairview and Mio.
  • M-72 – enters west end of county near its central part. Runs east to intersection with M-33 at Mio. Passes Luzerne. It is one of three true cross peninsular highways.[8]
  • F-32 – runs east from Mio into Alcona County. Passes McKinley.[9]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
187070
1880467567.1%
18901,904307.7%
19001,468−22.9%
19102,02738.1%
19201,783−12.0%
19301,728−3.1%
19402,54347.2%
19503,13423.2%
19603,44710.0%
19704,72637.1%
19806,85845.1%
19907,84214.3%
20009,41820.1%
20108,640−8.3%
Est. 20168,264[10]−4.4%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[2]

As of the 2000 United States Census, 9,418 people, 3,921 households, and 2,717 families resided in the county. The population density was 17 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 8,690 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The county's racial makeup was 97.82% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 0.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.2% were of German, 12.8% American, 9.6% English, 8.1% Polish, 6.8% French and 6.7% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.1% spoke English, 2.8% German and 1.5% Pennsylvania Dutch as their first language.

There were 3,921 households out of which 25.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.85.

The county population contained 23.30% under the age of 18, 5.60% from 18 to 24, 22.80% from 25 to 44, 28.00% from 45 to 64, and 20.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,228, and the median income for a family was $32,225. Males had a median income of $30,013 versus $20,202 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,697. About 10.30% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Oscoda County has been reliably Republican since its organization. Since 1884, the Republican Party nominee has carried the county vote in 85% (29 of 34) of the national elections through 2016.

Presidential Election Results
Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 69.5% 2,843 25.5% 1,044 5.0% 205
2012 57.0% 2,308 40.9% 1,657 2.2% 88
2008 53.4% 2,320 43.4% 1,887 3.2% 139
2004 58.3% 2,570 40.6% 1,792 1.1% 47
2000 55.3% 2,207 42.0% 1,677 2.7% 108
1996 41.5% 1,545 44.4% 1,652 14.2% 528
1992 41.3% 1,583 38.4% 1,471 20.3% 777
1988 62.3% 1,972 36.9% 1,170 0.8% 25
1984 69.8% 2,239 29.6% 951 0.6% 19
1980 55.3% 1,915 38.2% 1,325 6.5% 226
1976 57.6% 1,541 41.4% 1,108 1.1% 28
1972 67.6% 1,561 29.4% 678 3.0% 70
1968 61.0% 1,124 30.5% 563 8.5% 157
1964 45.6% 784 54.0% 930 0.4% 7
1960 71.9% 1,174 28.0% 458 0.1% 2
1956 78.0% 1,044 22.0% 294 0.0% 0
1952 80.7% 1,047 19.0% 246 0.3% 4
1948 72.1% 785 26.2% 285 1.7% 19
1944 64.7% 615 35.0% 332 0.3% 3
1940 61.6% 661 38.1% 409 0.3% 3
1936 47.7% 456 51.5% 492 0.8% 8
1932 52.9% 410 45.0% 349 2.1% 16
1928 86.4% 476 13.3% 73 0.4% 2
1924 82.2% 389 11.0% 52 6.8% 32
1920 83.8% 439 14.3% 75 1.9% 10
1916 57.0% 245 40.7% 175 2.3% 10
1912 32.5% 110 19.5% 66 48.1% 163
1908 72.8% 331 24.6% 112 2.6% 12
1904 86.1% 323 11.7% 44 2.1% 8
1900 79.8% 245 19.5% 60 0.7% 2
1896 80.8% 308 16.5% 63 2.6% 10
1892 59.1% 273 39.0% 180 2.0% 9
1888 47.2% 277 50.9% 299 1.9% 11
1884 68.6% 199 30.0% 87 1.4% 4

Oscoda County operates the County jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions – police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance etc. – are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

current as of September 2018

Recreation[edit]

The Michigan AuSable Valley Railroad in Fairview, is 1/4 scale 16 gauge railroad that offers rides on a passenger train through 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of jack pine country during the summer months. Riders travel through parts of the Huron National Forest overlooking the Comins Creek valley.[16]

The AuSable River, near Mio, provides opportunity for fishing and canoeing/kayaking/tubing. The M-33 access north of Mio has a launch area and public facilities. A second launch area is at the Mio Dam Pond.

Oscoda County offers snowmobile trails, ATV trails, hiking trails, and cross country skiing trails. Snowmobile and ATV trails are located throughout Luzerne, McKinley, and Mio. There is a scramble area at Bull Gap in the Huron National Forest. The Loud Creek Trail offers 7 different routes with varying difficulty levels. The trail’s total distance is 10 kilometers.

In Fairview, there is a horseback riding ranch and a golf course. Karefree Ranch Boarding Stables offers guided horseback rides in Huron National Forest. The Fairview Hills Golf Club is a 9-hole golf course on M-33.[17]

The annual OC Riverfest, designed to celebrate Oscoda County's most prize asset, the AuSable River, is an annual weekend event.

Communities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

  • Mio (county seat)

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Oscoda County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  4. ^ Michigan History, Arts and Libraries on sources of County names.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "NPWRC :: Regional Landscape". usgs.gov. 
  7. ^ Oscoda County Park (accessed 17 October 2007)
  8. ^ History of Michigan highways.
  9. ^ Oscoda County MI Google Maps (accessed 17 September 2018)
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  15. ^ US Election Atlas
  16. ^ "Home". 
  17. ^ Eye on Michigan Mio

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°41′N 84°08′W / 44.68°N 84.13°W / 44.68; -84.13