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Osea Island (Old English: Ōsgȳþes īeg, "Osyth's island"), formerly also Osey, is an inhabited island in the estuary of the River Blackwater, Essex, East England. It is approximately 380 acres (1.5 km2) in size and is connected to the north bank of the river by a causeway, covered at high water. The population of the Island is included in the civil parish of Heybridge.
Before 2004, the island had a small community of tenants such as the painter Luke Elwes, photographer Hélène Binet, and philosopher David Papineau. It was revealed in 2019 that Bajan singer Rihanna rented the island to record her upcoming album.
The name "Osea" means "Osyth's Island" and thus the name is tautological.
In 1913 the British Deperdussin Aeroplane Company tested a newly developed seaplane at Osea. It was a single-engined seaplane with two large floats. It was piloted by John Cyril Porte, the managing director of the company, and took off from the deep water channel to the south of the island. It had a successful ten-minute flight.
Osea Island was the site of a Coastal Motor Torpedo Boat base during the First World War and 2,000 sailors were billeted there, mainly in temporary huts which were removed after the war. Augustus Agar was awarded the Victoria Cross while stationed on the island and detailed his experiences in his book Baltic Episode.
The 1979 Children's Film Foundation film Black Island, produced by Kingsgate Films and directed by Ben Bolt, was shot on and around the island. The film is about two young castaways who are captured by escaped convicts on the island and their subsequent escape attempts.
The island was used for auditions on the ITV1 show Superstar, filmed in early 2012, in which it was known as Superstar Island. It was the second episode and included eliminations. Andrew Lloyd Webber was casting for a new lead role, in his production of Jesus Christ Superstar. Melanie Chisholm, Dawn French and Jason Donovan were also on the panel.
The island is the setting for the television drama miniseries The Third Day.
Osea Island holds a place in the history of drug and alcohol treatment in Britain. It was formerly owned by a member of the Charrington brewing family, Frederick Nicholas Charrington, who also founded the Tower Hamlets Mission, which continues to house a drug and alcohol treatment centre, Charis. Charrington established a retreat for wealthy alcoholics on Osea Island, among whom it is rumoured that Walter Sickert was included.
From 2005 to 2010, it was a rehabilitation centre specialising in the treatment of addiction problems and mental health called the Causeway Retreat, managed by former nurse Brendan Quinn. In 2008, Amy Winehouse attended the rehab clinic on the island. The Causeway Retreat was refused registration on 30 September 2010 by the Care Quality Commission, and Brendan Quinn was suspended as a nurse by the Nursing and Midwifery Council on 20 September 2010. On 19 November 2010 Brendan Quinn's Twenty 7 Management, which had run the Causeway Retreat, pleaded guilty at Chelmsford Magistrates' Court, and was fined £8,000 plus £30,000 costs for running an unlicensed hospital. District Judge David Cooper said the firm's standards "would really shame a third world country".
The island is used by musicians as a private retreat to record albums. It has its own fully equipped recording studio as well as ample accommodation.
- Defoe, D (1772) Tour Through the Eastern Counties of England and London to Land's End, Lulu 2005 Edition P15
- "Scottish seaplane firm launches London-Essex route". 14 March 2016.
- "Pop star Rihanna 'rents island' in Essex to record album". 5 June 2019.
- Essex Coastline: Then and Now. Matthew Fautley, 2004. 2004. p. 100. ISBN 9780954801007. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
- Fitch, Edward Arthur: Maldon and the River Blackwater. Gowers, undated.
- Baltic Episode (Augustus Agar) Naval Institute Press, 1963
- "British Films 1971–1981 - by Linda Wood" (PDF). Retrieved 16 May 2009.
- Tower Hamlets Mission Archived 22 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Reasons for the Interim Order Hearing of the Investigating Committee (PDF), nmc-uk.org, October 2010
- CQC: Regulator successful in Causeway Retreat prosecution, cqc.org.uk
- "Essex celebrity rehab centre 'duped' patients". BBC News. London. 19 November 2010.
- "Osea Island - Introduction | Miloco Recording Studios". milocostudios.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.