Location of Osgood in Ripley County, Indiana.
|• Total||1.49 sq mi (3.85 km2)|
|• Land||1.45 sq mi (3.76 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.09 km2)|
|Elevation||984 ft (300 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,113.03/sq mi (429.72/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||440723|
Osgood was platted in 1854 when the railroad was extended to that point. The town was named for A. L. Osgood, a railroad official. A post office called Osgood has been in operation since 1855. In the 1890s, Osgood was a sundown town, where African Americans were not allowed to reside. By then, Osgood was still much more closely connected to Cincinnati than Indianapolis in terms of trade.
In 1999, the community received a $23 million bequest from the Gilmore and Golda Reynolds Foundation, which was established by two lifelong Osgood residents to assist the town government as well as local non-profit organizations.
Osgood is located at (39.129062, -85.291893).
According to the 2010 census, Osgood has a total area of 1.48 square miles (3.83 km2), of which 1.45 square miles (3.76 km2) (or 97.97%) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) (or 2.03%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,624 people, 638 households, and 417 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,120.0 inhabitants per square mile (432.4/km2). There were 728 housing units at an average density of 502.1 per square mile (193.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.2% White, 0.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.
There were 638 households of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.6% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.06.
The median age in the town was 36 years. 26.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26% were from 25 to 44; 22.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,669 people, 668 households, and 424 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,285.0 people per square mile (495.7/km²). There were 731 housing units at an average density of 562.8 per square mile (217.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.98% White, 0.12% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population.
There were 668 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $29,659, and the median income for a family was $35,750. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $20,938 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,842. About 9.2% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over.
The town has a lending library, the Osgood Public Library.
- Grover Hartley, baseball player and umpire
- Mary Aikins Currie, Indiana State Auditor from 1970 to 1978.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 28, 2017.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Osgood, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2017-03-05.
- Wonning, Paul R. A Visit to Ripley County Indiana: Travel Guide for Ripley County, Indiana. Mossy Feet Books. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-301-25438-5.
- A Visit to Osgood and Napoleon, Indiana: A Guide to Osgood and Napoleon in Southern Indiana. Mossy Feet Books. 29 July 2011. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-4657-2522-6.
- "Ripley County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
- "No Colored Men There". Indianapolis Journal. Indianapolis. October 22, 1894. p. 8 – via Chronicling America.
'Damage suits brought by "colored" citizens because of real or fancied deprivation from civil rights through "man's inhumanity to man" are frequently reported throughout the North, and occasionally in this city,' says Dr. W. B. Clarke. 'But I was recently much surprised to learn that there are portions of this very State where a colored person is not even allowed to become a citizen, or even reside. During a month's sojourn in Ripley county I visited several towns without seeing a single Afro-American, and at Osgood, the largest town in the county, was informed that negroes were not allowed to live there, and that there was not a colored family within quite a number of miles of the town. This is only fifty-two miles west of Cincinnati, on the Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern (the old Ohio & Mississippi), in Congressman Objector Holman's Democratic balliwick. Without moralizing on the matter I will only say that this is not because there is no work suitable for them, for domestic help is very scarce and in great demand, and there are extensive quarries, dairies and farms and much timber to cut. Another matter there struck me as rather peculiar, and that is, there is no affiliation in any way with the capital city of the State except the little legal business absolutely necessary. The colloquial phrase, "the city," always refers to Cincinnati. Yet all this is because of the roundabout means of access, which would quickly be changed if the Big Four would build an extension from Greensburg, only eighteen miles, paralleling the Michigan road, via Napoleon.'
- Emmis Communications (November 2000). Indianapolis Monthly. Emmis Communications. p. 249. ISSN 0899-0328.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-17.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Indiana public library directory" (PDF). Indiana State Library. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Pete Cava (22 September 2015). Indiana-Born Major League Baseball Players: A Biographical Dictionary, 1871-2014. McFarland. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-7864-9901-4.