Osh Region

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Osh Region
Ош облусу  (Kyrgyz)
Ошская область  (Russian)
Flag of Osh Region
Coat of arms of Osh Region
Map of Kyrgyzstan, location of Osh Region highlighted
Map of Kyrgyzstan, location of Osh Region highlighted
Coordinates: 40°0′N 73°0′E / 40.000°N 73.000°E / 40.000; 73.000Coordinates: 40°0′N 73°0′E / 40.000°N 73.000°E / 40.000; 73.000
Country Kyrgyzstan
 • GovernorTaalaibek Sarybashev
 • Total28,934 km2 (11,171 sq mi)
 • Total1,368,054
 • Density47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (East)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+6 (not observed)
ISO 3166 codeKG-O

Osh Region (Kyrgyz: Ош облусу, romanizedOsh oblusu; Russian: Ошская область, romanizedOshskaya oblast) is a region (oblast) of Kyrgyzstan. Its capital is Osh, which is not part of the region. It is bounded by (clockwise) Jalal-Abad Region, Naryn Region, China (Xinjiang), Tajikistan (Districts under Central Government Jurisdiction and Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region), Batken Region, and Uzbekistan (Andijan and Fergana Regions).


Most of the population lives in the flat northern part of the Oblast, on the edge of the Ferghana Valley. The land gradually rises southward to the crest of the Alay Mountains, drops into the Alay Valley and rises to the Trans-Alai Range which forms the border with Tajikistan. In the east, the land rises to the Ferghana Range, roughly parallel to the Naryn border. This area is drained by the Kara Darya which flows northwest to join the Naryn River to form the Syr Darya in the Ferghana Valley.

Highway M41 goes south over the mountains from Osh to the Tajik border. At Sary-Tash a branch goes east to the Chinese border crossing at Irkeshtam. The other main road goes west through the flat country to Batken Region.


The Osh Region is divided administratively into seven districts:[2]

District Seat Map
Alay District Gülchö Kyrgyzstan Alay Raion.png
Aravan District Aravan Kyrgyzstan Aravan Raion.png
Chong-Alay District Daroot-Korgon Kyrgyzstan Chong-Alay Raion.png
Kara-Kulja District Kara-Kulja Kyrgyzstan Kara-Kulja Raion.png
Kara-Suu District Kara-Suu Kyrgyzstan Kara-Suu Raion.png
Nookat District Nookat Kyrgyzstan Nookat Raion.png
Özgön District Özgön Kyrgyzstan Özgön Raion.png

Kara-Suu, Nookat and Özgön are cities of district significance. There are no urban-type settlements in the region.[2]


The de facto population of Osh Region, according to the Population and Housing Census of 2009, was 999,576. Of them, 82,841 people live in urban areas, and 916,735 in rural ones.[3] Official population estimate for the beginning of 2020 was 1,368,054. [1]

More than half of all Kyrgyzstan's Uzbeks live in Osh Region.[citation needed] They are 28% of the regional population according to the 2009 census.[3]

Historical populations in Osh Region
1999 940,633+31.2%
Note: enumerated de facto population; Source:[3]

Ethnic composition[edit]

According to the 2009 Census, the ethnic composition of the Osh Region (de jure population) was:[3]

Ethnic group Population Proportion of population
Kyrgyzs 758,036 68.6%
Uzbeks 308,688 28.0%
Uygurs 11,181 1%
Turks 10,934 1%
Tajiks 6,711 0.6%
Azerbaijanis 3,224 0.3%
Russians 1,552 0.1%
Tatars 1,337 0.1%
Dungans 793 0.1%
other groups 1,792 0.2%

Enclaves and exclaves[edit]

Kyrgyzstan's only exclave within Uzbekistan is administratively part of Osh Region (Kara-Suu District). This is the tiny village of Barak (population 627) in the Fergana valley, located on the road from Osh (Kyrgyzstan) to Khodjaabad (Uzbekistan) about 4 km north-west from the Kyrgyz–Uzbek border in the direction of Andijan.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Population of regions,districts, towns, urban-type settlements, rural communities and villages of Kyrgyz Republic (National Statistical Committee estimate as of the beginning of 2020) Численность населения областей, районов, городов, поселков городского типа,айылных аймаков и сел Кыргызской Республики (оценка НСК на начало 2020г)
  2. ^ a b "Classification system of territorial units of the Kyrgyz Republic" (in Kyrgyz). National Statistics Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. May 2021. pp. 46–63.
  3. ^ a b c d Population and Housing Census 2009. Book 3 (in tables). Regions of Kyrgyzstan: Osh Region (Перепись населения и жилищного фонда Кыргызской Республики 2009. Книга 3 (в таблицах). Регионы Кыргызстана: Ошская область (PDF), Bishkek: National Committee on Statistics, 2010, archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-10
  4. ^ Map showing the location of the Kyrgyz exclave Barak. Retrieved on 2 May 2009

Works cited

  • Laurence Mitchell, Kyrgyzstan, Bradt Travel Guides, 2008