Oskil (river)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Oskol River)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Oskil near Kruhliakivka.jpg
Oskil near Kruhliakivka
Seversky Donets oskil.png
Donets river basin. The Oskil (red) is the northernmost large tributary
Native name
CountryRussia, Ukraine
Physical characteristics
 • coordinates
49°06′00″N 37°24′31″E / 49.1001°N 37.4087°E / 49.1001; 37.4087Coordinates: 49°06′00″N 37°24′31″E / 49.1001°N 37.4087°E / 49.1001; 37.4087
Length472 km (293 mi)
Basin size14,800 km2 (5,700 sq mi)
Basin features
ProgressionDonetsDonSea of Azov

The Oskil (Ukrainian: Оскiл) or Oskol[1] (Russian: Оскол) is a south-flowing river in Russia and Ukraine. It arises roughly between Kursk and Voronezh and flows south to join the Seversky Donets which flows southeast to join the Don. It is 472 kilometres (293 mi) long, with a drainage basin of 14,800 square kilometres (5,700 sq mi).[2]

The river has its sources on the Central Russian Uplands, and flows through Kursk and Belgorod Oblasts in Russia, and through the eastern part of Kharkiv Oblast in Ukraine, where it joins the Seversky Donets river. An artificial lake, the Oskil Reservoir (Oskil Reservoir, Оскільське водосховище), was created in 1958 to help with flood protection and as a source of electricity.

There are several towns along the Oskil: Stary Oskol, Novy Oskol and Valuyki in Russia, and Kupiansk, Kupiansk-Vuzlovyi, Kivsharivka, Borova and Dvorichna in Ukraine.

On March 31, 2022, during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, Russian forces destroyed the dam of the Oskil Reservoir.[3] In September of 2022, to resist the 2022 Ukrainian Kharkiv counteroffensive, Russian forces unsuccessfully used the Oskil River as a defensive barrier.[4][5]


  1. ^ Quote: It lies along the Oskol River. Stary Oskol, Encyclopaedia Britannica
  2. ^ «Река Оскол», Russian State Water Registry
  3. ^ "ТРУХА⚡️Харьков + Украина🇺🇦". Telegram. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  4. ^ David Axe (27 September 2022). "The Ukrainian Army Reportedly Destroyed Another Russian Division". Forbes. Retrieved 27 September 2022.
  5. ^ Hernandez, Marco; Lu, Denise (2022-09-21). "Can Ukraine Break Through Again?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-09-21.

External links[edit]