Oslo Manual

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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's document "The Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities, Proposed Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Technological Innovation Data", also known as the Oslo Manual, contains guidelines for collecting, interpreting and using data on industrial innovation. [1]

Oslo Manual's guidelines is often used by national statistical agencies of OECD countries, Consulting services agencies and as a textbook of innovation concepts.[2]

The first edition of the Oslo Manual came about in 1992, following the developments of models and analytical frameworks during the 1980s and 1990s that allow for a more systematic and comprehensive study of innovation. The Manual's purpose is to establish a coherent set of concepts and tools that allow for inteligible and comparable reporting of innovation across different regions, industries and countries.[3]


  1. ^ "Oslo Manual 2018's official page on OECD website".
  2. ^ Adam Holbrook; Lindsay Hughes. Operationalizing definitions of innovation at the level of the firm. Vancouver, BC, Canada. p. 2.
  3. ^ Oslo manual : guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development., Statistical Office of the European Communities. (3rd ed.). Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2005. p. 3. ISBN 92-64-01308-3. OCLC 62676242.CS1 maint: others (link)

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