Osman Đikić

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Osman Đikić
Osman Djikic.jpeg
Born (1879-01-07)7 January 1879
Mostar, Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria-Hungary
Died 30 March 1912(1912-03-30) (aged 33)
Mostar, Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria-Hungary
Occupation Poet
Nationality Austro-Hungarian
Genre Romanticism
Spouse Zora Topalović (m. 1905–12; his death)

Osman Đikić (7 January 1879 – 30 March 1912) was a romantic poet and dramatist from Mostar, Austro-Hungarian (modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina).

He is the author of several sevdalinka songs, including: Đaurko mila, Ašik ostah na te oči and Đela Fato đela zlato.

Biography[edit]

Osman Đikić was born in Mostar on 7 January 1879, the son of Ahmet Đikić (1858–1918) and Hana (née Kurt; died 1908). He successfully completed primary school in Mostar, as well as five years of secondary schooling at Mostar Gymnasium before being expelled due to nationalist activities. He relocated to Belgrade to finish his education, only to relocate once more to Istanbul, where he completed secondary schooling. He later attended and graduated from the New Vienna Commercial Academy in Vienna.[3]

Osman Đikić married Serbian actress Zora Topalović[3] (or Mihailović[4][better source needed]) in Vienna in 1905.

Following graduation, Đikić served as a bank teller in Zagreb, Brčko and Mostar. He later served as the editor of the Mostar-based newspaper Musavat (Unity) in 1907, as well as published pieces in the Bosansko-hercegovački glasnik (Bosnian-Herzegovinian Herald).

Writing activity[edit]

Osman Đikić was a renowned poet and dramatist in Bosnia. His poetry tended to be didactic, with elements of love, patriotism and religion serving as central themes.[5] He first published his poems in Bosnian newspapers such as Behar ("Blossom"), Bosanska vila ("Bosnian fairy") and Zora ("Dawn"). One of his first compilation of poems was published in 1900 alongside poems from Omer-beg Sulejmanpašić Skopljak and Avdo Karabegović in Belgrade. This compilation was known as Pobratimstvo ("Alliance") and was a collection of patriotic poetry. This compilation was not well received by Bosnian author Osman Nuri Hadžić, who heavily criticised the work in Behar. Hadžić's critique barred Đikić from further publishing his literary works within Behar.[5]

Đikić later independently published two poem compilations: Muslimanskoj mladeži ("To the Muslim Youth") in Dubrovnik in 1902 and Ašiklije (Lovers) in Mostar in 1903.

As a folklorist, Đikić collected traditional folk songs from Mostar and neighbouring Stolac. He later compiled these folk songs into a 5,000-verse compilation known as Hercegovački biser ("Herzegovinian Pearl") and gave it to the Serbian Royal Academy.[5]

As a dramatist, Đikić wrote three dramas: Zlatija, which was published in 1906; Stana, which was published in either 1906 or 1907; and Muhadžir ("Immigrant" or "Refugee"), which was published in either 1908 or 1909.

Political activity[edit]

Following Bosnia and Herzegovina's occupation by Austria-Hungary from the Ottoman Empire, Austria-Hungary attempted to eradicate all ethnic nationalism by promoting a pluralist nation within Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, this policy was not widely accepted by the three major ethnic groups of the nation - Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs, who each sought to promote their own nationalist aspirations. Contemporary Bosnians were plunged into this political atmosphere, and Đikić certainly fell victim. Đikić relocated to Sarajevo in 1909, secretly joining the Muslim National Organisation (MNO). Earlier, the MNO took over Gajret, a culturo-educational society co-established by Safvet-beg Bašagić. Gajret was the only contemporary organisation in Sarajevo that assisted impoverished Muslim students.[6] MNO established a political paper wing of Gajret in 1907.[3] In 1909, MNO installed Đikić as the secretary of Gajret, as well as its magazine's editor.[4][better source needed]

Osman Đikić was also a profound supporter of Serbian nationalism, as well as a proponent of a unified South-Slavonic state (Yugoslavia). He advocated cooperation between Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Orthodox Christians. He launched an oppositional political magazine entitled Samouprava ("Autonomy") in 1910, where he served as the editor-in-chief.[3]

Death[edit]

Đikić died due to tuberculosis on 30 March 1912 at the age of 33. His remains were interred at the Grand Harem cemetery in the Carina neighbourhood (mahala) of Mostar.[3] His wife, Zora, also died from tuberculosis shortly afterward, on 14 September 1912.[4][better source needed] In 1936, Belgrade-based architect, Aleksandar Deroko, designed and constructed a brick türbe (mausoleum) in pseudo-Moorish architecture[7] for Đikić's remains. However, the newly constructed türbe was located within the Small Harem beside the Karagöz Bey Mosque in Mostar. Đikić's remains were, therefore, subsequently transferred to the türbe upon completion, where a sarcophagus was constructed above his grave. During World War II, the Ustaše destroyed the türbe, but it was later reconstructed following the war. The türbe also later suffered damage during the Bosnian War. In 1993, paramilitary Croat forces, known as the Croatian Defence Forces, blasted the türbe.[3] The resulting explosion caused the destruction of the sarcophagus, while the türbe itself only suffered partial damage. Extensive repairs were conducted on the türbe following the war and was fully restored.[7]

Legacy[edit]

The Yugoslav government helped establish a cultural organization, Osman-Đikić-Gajret, independent from the Gajret, in 1923, and at the same time founded a student house with the same name for Bosnian Muslims in Belgrade.[8][9]

Works[edit]

Poetry compilations
  • Pobratimstvo, 1900
  • Muslimanskoj mladeži, 1902
  • Ašiklije, 1903
Dramas
  • Zlatija, 1906
  • Stana, 1906
  • Muhadžir, 1909

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muhamed Hadžijahić (1990). Od tradicije do identiteta: geneza nacionalnog pitanja bosanskih Muslimana. Islamska zajednica. 
  2. ^ Ferid Karihman (1996). Hrvatsko-bošnjačke teme. Hrvatska sveučilišna naklada. p. 181. ISBN 978-953-169-063-8. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "100 godina od smrti mostarskog pisca Osmana Đikića" [100 years since the death of Mostar writer Osman Đikić] (in Croatian). Bljesak.info. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Osman Đikić" (in Bosnian). Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "Sjećanje na Osmana Đikića" [Remembering Osman Đikić] (in Croatian). Mostarski.net. 12 April 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Voloder, Nusret (1996). "Bošnjačka preporodna književnost u BiH (od 1860 - 1914. godine)" [Bosniak Renaissance Literature in B&H (1860 - 1914)] (in Bosnian). Archived from the original on October 27, 2009. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Karađoz-begova džamija, graditeljska cjelina" [Karagöz Bey Mosque, architectural complex] (in Bosnian). Commission for the Preservation of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 4 May 2004. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  8. ^ Srećko M. Džaja (2004). Politička realnost jugoslavenstva (1918-1991): s posebnim osvrtom na Bosnu i Hercegovinu. Svjetlo riječi. p. 214. ISBN 978-9958-741-35-7. 
  9. ^ Ibrahim Kemura (2002). Značaj i uloga "Narodne uzdanice" u društvenom životu bošnjaka (1923.-1945.). Bošnjački institut, Fondacija Adila Zulfikarpašića. pp. 20, 58. ISBN 978-9958-743-10-8. 

Sources[edit]