Osman Bakar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Osman Bakar
Alma materUniversity of London, Temple University
EraContemporary Islamic philosophy
RegionIslamic Philosophy
Main interests
Islamic Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Islamic Science

Osman Bakar (born 1946) is an emeritus professor of philosophy at the University of Malaya,[1] the Chair Professor and Director of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Centre for Islamic Studies (SOASCIS), Universiti Brunei Darussalam[2] and an Islamic philosopher.[3][4][5] He is a fellow at the Center for Civilisational Dialogue in the University of Malaya and Doshisha University in Japan and a former President of the Islamic Academy of Sciences of Malaysia.[6] A recipient of the honorary title of "Dato" by the Sultan of Pahang in 1994 and "Datuk" by the King of Malaysia in 2000, he was Included in the list of 500 most influential Muslims in the world in 2009 and 2012.[7][8][9]


Born in 1946 in Temerloh, Malaysia, Bakar studied at the University of London and earned his BSc and MSc in Mathematics. Later he studied in the field of Islamic philosophy at the Temple University in Philadelphia and received his doctorate in Islamic philosophy under the supervision of Seyyed Hossein Nasr.


The author of eighteen books and more than three hundred articles,[10] some of his publications include:

  • Islamic Civilisation and The Modern World: Thematic Essays (2015).
  • The History and Philosophy of Islamic Science. Islamic Texts Society, Cambridge (UK) 1999; 1991 edition published by Secretariat for Islamic Philosophy and Science, Science University of Penang and Nurin Enterprise, Kuala Lumpur under the title Tawhid and Science.
  • Science, Technology, and Art in Human Civilizations (ed.) University of Malaya Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1992. (in Malay)
  • Tawhid and Science (1991).
  •  Islam and Contemporary Scientific Thought (ed.) Islamic Academy of Science, Kuala Lumpur, 1989. (in Malay)
  •  Critique of Evolutionary Theory: A Collection of Essays (ed.) Islamic Academy of Science and Nurin Enterprise, Kuala Lumpur, 1987.
Entries in encyclopedias
  • “Cosmology” in John L. Esposito (ed.), Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, vol. 1(1995), pp. 322-328.
  • “Abortion: Islamic Perspectives” in Warren Thomas Reich (ed.), Encyclopedia of Bioethics, rev. edition, vol. 1(1995), pp. 38-42.
Selected Book Chapters
  • (1997) “The Importance of Cosmology in the Cultivation of the Arts,” in Wan Abdul Kadir & Hashim Awang (eds.), Art and Cosmology: Islamic Cosmology and Malay Art, Academy of Malay Studies, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 1-6.
  • (1996) “Science (as a Branch of Philosophy)” in S.H. Nasr & O. Leaman (eds.), History of Islamic Philosophy, Routledge History of World Philosophies, vol. II, chapter 53, pp. 926-958.
  • (1994) “Knowledge of Divine Unity (tawhid) on the Basis of Scientific Knowledge,” Ismail Ibrahim & Mohd Sahri Abdul Rahman (eds.), Knowledge and Excellence in Islamic Perspective, Institute of Islamic Understanding (IKIM), Kuala Lumpur, pp. 1-9.
  • (1993) “Science in Islamic Perspective,” in Azizan Baharuddin (ed.), Malay Students and Science Education, Academy of Malay Studies Monograph (Cendekia), University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, no. 2, pp. 8-24. (in Malay)
  • (1991) “The Unity of Science and Spiritual Knowledge: The Islamic Experience,” in R. Ravindra (ed.), Science and Spirit, International Cultural Foundation, New York, pp. 87-101.
  • (1991) “Spiritual Traditions and Science and Technology,” in ALIRAN, The Human Being: Perspectives from Different Spiritual Traditions, ALIRAN, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 140-155.
  • (1984) “The Question of Methodology in Islamic Science,” in Rais Ahmad & S. Naseem Ahmad (eds.), Quest for New Science: Selected Papers of a Seminar, Center for Studies on Science, Aligarh (India), pp. 91-109.
  • (1979) “The Role of Science Education in the Spiritual Development of Man,” in PKPIM Collection: Symposium on Islamic Education, National Union of Muslim Students of Malaysia (PKPIM), Kuala Lumpur, pp. 119-135.  
Journal Articles
  • “Truth and Wisdom in a Holistic Concept of Knowledge,” Pemikir, no. 3, Jan-March 1996, pp. 100-112. (in Malay)
  • “The Common Philosophical Foundation of Traditional Medicines,” Sophia, Winter 1994, no. 6, pp. 1-4.
  • “Symbol and Archetype: A Study of the Meaning of Existence: A Review Article,” Studies in Tradition, 2:1(Jan-March 1993), pp. 62-78.
  • “Atomistic Conception of Nature in Ash’arite Theology,” Iqbal Review, 32:3 (October 1991), pp. 19-44.
  • “The Philosophy of Islamic Medicine and Its Relevance to the Modern World,” MAAS Journal of Islamic Science, 6:1 (Jan-June 1990), pp. 39-58.
  • “Designing a Sound Syllabus for Courses on Philosophy of Applied and Engineering Sciences in a 21st Century Islamic University,” Muslim Education Quarterly, 7:3 (Spring 1990), pp. 19-25.
  • “The Influence of Islamic Science on Medieval Christian Conceptions of Nature,” MAAS Journal of Islamic Science, 4:1 (Jan-June 1988), pp. 25-43.
  • “Islam and Bioethics,” Greek Orthodox Theological Review, 3:2 (1986), pp. 157-179.
  • “The Meaning and Significance of Doubt in al-Ghazzali’s Philosophy,” The Islamic Quarterly, 30:1 (1986), pp. 20-31.
  • “Umar Khayyam’s Criticism of Euclid’s Theory of Parallels,” MAAS Journal of Islamic Science, 1:2 (July 1985), pp. 9-18.
  • “The Question of Methodology in Islamic Science,” Muslim Education Quarterly, 2:1 (Autumn 1984), pp. 16-30.
  • “Ibn Sina’s Methodological Approach Toward the Study of Nature in His Oriental Philosophy,” Hamdard Islamicus, vol. VII, no. 2 (Summer 1984), pp. 33-49.


  1. ^ "Dr. Osman Bakar - CILE - Research Center for Islamic Legislation and Ethics". www.cilecenter.org.
  2. ^ "Islam, science not in conflict with each other | The BT Archive". btarchive.org. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  3. ^ Rehman, Jalees; M.D.; ContributorScientist; Physician (2010-12-26). "The Parallel Realities Of Modern Science And Islam". HuffPost. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  4. ^ University, Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs at Georgetown. "Osman Bakar". berkleycenter.georgetown.edu.
  5. ^ "Dr Osman Bakar". expert.ubd.edu.bn.
  6. ^ "Osman Bakar, MSc, PhD - Program on Medicine and Religion - The University of Chicago". pmr.uchicago.edu.
  7. ^ "Osman Bakar: Life and Work". www.worldwisdom.com. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  8. ^ "Dr Osman Bakar". The Muslim 500. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  9. ^ "The 500 Most Influential Muslims 2009". The Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  10. ^ Notes on the contributors, Synthesis Philosophica 62 (2/2016) p. 451

External Links[edit]

Google Scholar Page