Osman III

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Osman III
عثمان ثالث
Caliph of Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Kayser-i Rûm
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
OsmanIII.jpg
25th Ottoman Sultan (Emperor)
Reign 13 December 1754 – 30 October 1757
Predecessor Mahmud I
Successor Mustafa III
Born 2/3 January 1699
Edirne Palace, Edirne, Ottoman Empire
Died 30 October 1757(1757-10-30) (aged 58)
Topkapı Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Burial New Mosque, Istanbul
Consorts Leyla Kadın[1]
Zevki Kadın[2]
Nefise Kadın[3]
Ferhunde Kadın[2]
one another wife
Full name
Osman bin Mustafa
Dynasty Ottoman
Father Mustafa II
Mother Şehsuvar Sultan
Religion Sunni Islam
Tughra Osman IIIعثمان ثالث's signature

Osman III (Ottoman Turkish: عثمان ثالث‘Osmān-i sālis;‎ 2/3 January 1699 – 30 October 1757) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1754 to 1757.[4]

Biography[edit]

The younger brother of Mahmud I (1730–54) and son of Mustafa II (1695–1703) and Valide Şehsuvar Sultan, he was born at Edirne Palace.

His brief reign saw rising intolerance of non-Muslims (Christians and Jews being required to wear distinctive clothes or badges)[citation needed] and is also notable for a fire in Constantinople. His mother was Şehsuvar Sultan, a Serbian valide sultan.[citation needed]

Audience of French ambassador Charles de Vergennes with Sultan Osman III in 1755.

Osman III lived most of his life as a prisoner in the palace, and as a consequence on becoming Sultan he had some behavioural peculiarities. Unlike previous Sultans, he hated music, and banished all musicians from the palace. He died at the Topkapı Palace, Constantinople.

Osman was responsible for a firman in 1757, that preserved the Status Quo of various Holy Land sites for Christians, Muslims, and Jews.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tarih ve toplum: aylık ansiklopedik dergi - Volume 24. İletişim Yayınları/Perka A. Ş. p. 59. 
  2. ^ a b Uluçay, Mustafa Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ankara, Ötüken. 
  3. ^ Kal'a, Ahmet; Tabakoğlu, Ahmet (1999). İstanbul su külliyâtı: İstanbul şer'iyye sicilleri : Mâ-i Lezı̂z defterleri 3 (1794-1797). İstanbul Araştırmaları Merkezi. p. 64. ISBN 978-9-758-21504-1. 
  4. ^ Upham, Edward (1829). "Chapter XV: OTHMAN III Twenty Fifth Reign H 1168 A.D. 1754". History of the Ottoman Empire from its Establishment till the Year 1828. Constable's Miscellany. XL. Original from Oxford University: Constable and Co. p. 260. 
  5. ^ Michael R. T. Dumper; Bruce E. Stanley (2007). Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 209. ISBN 978-1-57607-919-5. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Osman III at Wikimedia Commons


Osman III
Born: 2 January 1699 Died: 30 October 1757[aged 58]
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mahmud I
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
13 Dec 1754 – 30 Oct 1757
Succeeded by
Mustafa III
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Mahmud I
Caliph of Islam
13 Dec 1754 – 30 Oct 1757
Succeeded by
Mustafa III