Osmania University

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Osmania University
Osmania University Logo.png
Motto in English
Lead us from Darkness to Light
TypePublic
Established1918; 103 years ago (1918)
FounderMir Osman Ali Khan
ChancellorGovernor of Telangana
Vice-Chancellor
Students23,368[1]
Undergraduates10,308[1]
Postgraduates9,325[1]
2,615[1]
Location, ,
India
CampusUrban
AffiliationsUGC, NAAC, AIU
Websitewww.osmania.ac.in
The Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan at the inauguration of "Osmania University Arts College", c. 1937.

Osmania University is a collegiate public state university located in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. The university was founded by and named after Mir Osman Ali Khan, the 7th Nizam of Hyderabad in 1918.[2] It is the third oldest university in southern India, and the first to be established in the erstwhile Kingdom of Hyderabad.[3][4][5] It was the first Indian university to have Urdu as a medium of instruction[2] — but with English as a compulsory subject.[6] As of 2012, the university hosts 3,700 international students from more than 80 nations.[7]

The O.U. is one of the largest university systems in the world with over 300,000 students on its campuses and affiliated colleges. The Osmania Medical College was once a part of the O.U. System.[8] However, it is now under the supervision of Kaloji Narayana Rao University of Health Sciences.[9][10][11]

History[edit]

Students dressed in sherwani at the University College of Arts, c. 1939–1945.
B. E. Vijayam addresses students with the arts college in the background, c. 1973.

The Osmania University was brought into existence in 1918 through a firman of Mir Osman Ali Khan, the last Nizam of Hyderabad. The need for a university in Hyderabad State was felt for a long time, and in 1917, Sir Akbar Hydari, in a memorandum to the Education Minister, emphasized the need to establish a university with Urdu as the medium of instruction "as it is the language of the widest currency in India". [12]

After independence and the accession of Hyderabad State in 1948, the university fell under the purview of the state government. English replaced Urdu as the medium of instruction, and the Nizam's crown was also removed from the university seal.

Seal[edit]

The original seal featured the Nizam's crown as the crest, along with the phrase Noorun Ala Noor. It also contained the hadith, "I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate".[13]

The present emblem contains inscriptions in Telugu and Sanskrit. The new logo has the Urdu letter Ain in between.

The university postage stamp released by the government of India on 15 March 1969

Campus[edit]

The University College of Arts and Social Sciences has an architectural heritage structure similar to College of Sultan Hassan in Cairo, Egypt.[14]

The Main campus is a chief intellectual centre in Hyderabad, and its alumni and faculty members include many distinguished individuals, including former Prime Minister of India P. V. Narasimha Rao. Admission to Main campus departments of Genetics, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Chemistry, Engineering, Management, and Law is highly competitive.[15] The state government has appointed Prof S.Ramachandram as vice chancellor of the University. The University is accredited by the NAAC with an 'A+' Grade and conferred with the status of 'University with Potential for Excellence' by the UGC, New Delhi.[16]

The University Colleges are located within the main campus of the university. There are eight such colleges: the University College of Arts and Social Sciences, University College of Commerce & Business Management, University College of Technology, University College of Engineering, University College of Law, University College of Science, Institute of Advance Study in Education, and PG College of Physical Education. The university offers courses in Humanities, Arts, Sciences, Social Sciences, Law, Engineering, Medicine, Technology, Commerce and Business Management, Information Technology and Oriental Languages. In 2001, Osmania was awarded five-star status by the National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) of the University Grants Commission, part of the Government of India.[17]

The university has a campus of nearly 1600 acres (6 km2) with 300,000 students (counting all the campuses, constituent affiliated colleges and district centres) making it one of the largest higher education systems in India. Nearly 5000 faculty and staff are employed at Osmania.[18] It attracts students from across the nation as well as from other countries.[19]

Organisation and administration[edit]

University College of Engineering, Osmania University is one of the top 15 engineering schools in the country[20][21]

Constituent colleges[edit]

Osmania University is a confederation of university colleges, constituent colleges, and affiliated colleges. The constituent colleges of the university includes:[22]

Other Autonomous Centers[edit]

Affiliated engineering colleges[edit]

The affiliated engineering colleges of the university are scattered in Telangana(mainly GHMC area) and offer various undergraduate and post-graduate engineering courses.[23] The affiliated engineering colleges include (in no particular order):

Departments[edit]

Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology is affiliated to the Osmania University
The College of Law is one of the top 15 law schools in the country[24]

Academics[edit]

Admissions[edit]

Osmania is a non-profit university which is funded and managed by the government. Admissions into the Bachelor of Engineering, Masters and Doctoral programs in main campus is on a merit basis, evaluated by national entrance examinations (EAMCET, GATE, BCFSBTGMES-N&D, TSLAWCET, O.U. PhD Entrance Exam etc.) for each of the courses offered.

Library[edit]

The University Library

The University Library is the main library of the university and it was founded in 1918 along with the university. It has close to 500,000 books and more than 6000 manuscripts, which includes rare palm leave manuscripts. It also has various journals, government documents, etc. The main library coordinates a library system, which connects the libraries in the entire campus and other constituent college libraries.[25][26][27]

Rankings[edit]

University rankings
General – international
QS (World) (2022)[28]1001–1200
QS (Asia) (2020)[29]301–350
Times (World) (2020)[30]801–1000
Times (Asia) (2021)[31]251–300
Times (Emerging) (2021)[32]201–250
Business – international
General – India
NIRF (Universities) (2020)[33]29
QS (India) (2020)[34]32

Osmania University has ranked 1001–1200 in the world by the QS World University Rankings of 2022,[28] 301–350 among universities in Asia category by the QS Asia Ranking 2020[29] and ranked on 32 in QS India Ranking in 2020.[34] The Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked it 801–1000 globally in the 2020 ranking[30] 251–300 in Asia in 2021[31] and 251–300 among Emerging Economies University Rankings 2021.[32] The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranked it 29 among universities in 2020.[33]

Research[edit]

The research activities are funded by various autonomous agencies of the government of India. Foreign students are also admitted to the university via UFRO (University Foreign Relations Office) that allots admissions with minimum criteria. Indian students living overseas Non-resident Indian are also admitted through UFRO that are usually ineligible to get admissions via the entrance exams quota.

Notable alumni and faculty[edit]

Notable alumni of Osmania University include major politicians of India, including 9th Prime Minister of India P. V. Narasimha Rao[15] and Jaipal Reddy, cabinet minister, 16th and last Chief Minister of united Andhra Pradesh with Telangana Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy, current CEO Adobe systems Shantanu Narayen and senior advocate Subodh Markandeya. Other alumni includes former Indian Cricket team captain Mohammed Azharuddin, cricket commentator Harsha Bhogle, novelist Venkatesh Kulkarni, PDSU founder George Reddy, former Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil, former Governor of the Reserve Bank of India Yaga Venugopal Reddy, chemist Garikapati Narahari Sastry, Metallurgist and former Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University Patcha Ramachandra Rao and physicist Raziuddin Siddiqui. Rakesh Sharma, cosmonaut and the first Indian to travel in space, was a graduate of Osmania.[35] Karan Bilimoria, founder of Cobra Beer, Member of the House of Lords, and the seventh Chancellor of the University of Birmingham earned his Bachelor of Commerce degree from Osmania in 1981.[36] Rafi Ahmed, a well-known virologist and immunologist graduated from Osmania University in 1968.

Notable former faculty members of the university include Bhadriraju Krishnamurti, Dravidianist and linguist, and founder of linguistics department at the university, physicist Suri Bhagavantam, and linguist Masud Husain Khan.[citation needed].

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "University Student Enrollment Details". ugc.ac.in. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  2. ^ a b Roger L. Geiger (2009). Curriculum, accreditation, and coming of age of higher education. Transaction Publishers. pp. 154–155. ISBN 978-1-4128-1031-9. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  3. ^ "H.E.H. Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  4. ^ History Archived 22 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine oucde.ac.in
  5. ^ "INSA". Insaindia.org. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  6. ^ "Osmania University first to teach in blend of Urdu & English".
  7. ^ "Hyderabad: Osmania University tells foreign students to keep off drugs". ibnlive.in.com. Archived from the original on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
  8. ^ "About OMC". Osmania Medical College. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  9. ^ "Modi accorded warm welcome in Telangana". The Hindu. 8 August 2016.
  10. ^ "Telangana starts disaffiliation of colleges under NTR health university". The Times of India.
  11. ^ "Warangal prison will now host a university". 21 July 2016.
  12. ^ Akbar, Syed (23 April 2017). "OU architect was Nizam's emissary before merger". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  13. ^ "Dispute over logo at Hyderabad's Osmania University". Deccan Chronicle. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  14. ^ "A slice of Egypt in Hyderabad". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 14 February 2011. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
  15. ^ a b "P. V. Narasimha Rao – A Profile". Indian PM's official website. Archived from the original on 28 March 2009.
  16. ^ "Osmania University ranked 6th among top ten universities" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 June 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  17. ^ Team indiaresultszone.com (25 November 2007). "Ranking of University | India". Indiaresultszone.com. Archived from the original on 5 June 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  18. ^ "About Osmania University". Osmania University. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  19. ^ Aarti Dhar (15 July 2012). "News / National : Still a small global campus". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  20. ^ "Overall Ranking of Top Engineering Colleges" (PDF). Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  21. ^ Special Correspondent (23 July 2012). "Cities / Hyderabad : Osmania University computer science students placed high". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  22. ^ "Osmania University Constituent Colleges". osmania.ac.in. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  23. ^ "Affiliated Colleges List Under Osmania University". Osmaina University. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  24. ^ "Outlook Rankings: NALSAR, Hyderabad ranked the best law school in the country; followed by NLSIU, Bangalore and NLIU, Bhopal". Barandbench.com. Archived from the original on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  25. ^ "University Library". Osmania University. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  26. ^ Parasa, Rajeswari (18 May 2019). "Osmania University renames library after Dr B R Ambedkar". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  27. ^ Ramu, Marri (6 June 2019). "PIL against changing name of Osmania varsity library". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  28. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings 2022". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2021. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  29. ^ a b "QS Asia University Rankings 2020". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2020.
  30. ^ a b "Top 1000 World University Rankings 2020". Times Higher Education. 2019.
  31. ^ a b "Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings (2021)". Times Higher Education. 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  32. ^ a b "Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings (2021)". Times Higher Education. 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  33. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  34. ^ a b "QS India University Rankings 2020". Top Universities. 11 October 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  35. ^ "Nizam College fete from tomorrow". The Hindu. 19 February 2008. Archived from the original on 4 March 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  36. ^ "Lord Bilimoria appointed as Chancellor of the University of Birmingham". Birmingham University. Retrieved 17 December 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 17°24′40″N 78°31′44″E / 17.411°N 78.529°E / 17.411; 78.529