Osmanoğlu family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Osmanoglu)
Jump to: navigation, search

The Osmanoğlu family refers to the current members of the historical House of Osman (the Ottoman dynasty), which was the sole ruling house and namesake of the Ottoman Empire from 1299 until the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in 1923.

There were 36 Ottoman Sultans who ruled over the Empire, and each one was a direct descendant through the male line of the first Ottoman Sultan, Sultan Osman I. After the deposition of the last Sultan, Mehmet VI, in 1922, and the subsequent abolition of the Ottoman Caliphate in 1924, members of the Imperial family were forced into exile. Their descendants now live in many different countries throughout Europe, as well as in the United States, the Middle East, and since they have now been permitted to return to their homeland, many now also live in Turkey. When in exile, the family adopted the surname of Osmanoğlu, meaning "son of Osman", after the founder of the House of Osman and direct ancestor of all current family members.

Heads of the House of Osman since 1923[edit]

The Ottoman dynasty was exiled from Turkey in 1924.[1] The female members of the dynasty were allowed to return after 1951,[1] and the male members after 1973.[2] Below is a list of people who would have been heirs to the Ottoman throne following the abolition of the sultanate on 1 November 1922.[2] These people have not necessarily made any claim to the throne; for example Ertuğrul Osman said "Democracy works well in Turkey.".[3]

Resurgence of interest in the Ottoman family[edit]

Since the turn of this century there has been a growing interest in the living members of the Ottoman family, both within Turkey and abroad.[6]

In 2006, family members met at Dolmabahçe Palace for the presentation of the documentary Osmanoğlu'nun Sürgünü (The Ottomans' Exile) produced by TRT (Turkish Radio and Television Corporation).[7] This documentary followed the stories of the members of the Ottoman family who went into exile in 1924, following the establishment of the Turkish Republic and the abolition of the Ottoman Caliphate. It then follows the stories of their descendants, who now live in Turkey, Europe, North America, and throughout the Middle East. Extensive coverage of this event, and the success of the documentary series has dramatically raised the profile of the Imperial Family.[6][8]

According to the New York Times, historians said that the show of reverence at the funeral of Imperial Prince Ertuğrul Osman in September 2009 was a "seminal moment in the rehabilitation of the Ottoman Empire".[9]

An interview with Imperial Prince Mahmud by the Anatolian News Agency was published in several publications in Turkey and the UK. A Sultan's descendant in the heart of London

Turkish citizenship[edit]

Without exception, all high-ranking members of the Imperial Ottoman family were exiled in 1924. Most had never left their homeland before, and all were forced to make a new life abroad. The family departed from Sirkeci Train Station, and would disperse across Europe, the United States and the Middle East. In exile, the family lived in poverty.[10] As the former Ottoman Sultan Mehmed VI Vahideddin had settled in San Remo, many members of the family congregated in the South of France. After living in Switzerland for a short time, the last Caliph of Islam, Imperial Prince (Şehzade) Abdulmecid II, also moved to the French Riviera, settling in Nice. The Turkish Republic had issued the exiled Ottoman family members with travel documents but they were only valid for one year. Therefore, by 1925 members of the family were no longer able to travel. Prince (Şehzade) Ali Vâsib Efendi appealed to the French Government and succeeded in obtaining courtesy passports for them. The French Government also issued passports to the children of the members of the family who were born in exile. In the years since the exile was lifted, many members of the Ottoman family have obtained Turkish citizenship and hold Turkish passports.

Imperial Princes (Şehzades) of the House of Osman[edit]

The formal way of addressing the male descendants of the Ottoman Sultans is Devletlû Najabatlu Şehzade Sultan (given name) Hazretleri Efendi, i.e. Sultan Imperial Prince (given name). According to genealogies of the House of Osman, had the Sultanate not been abolished, there would be twenty-four Imperial Princes in the line of succession after Bayezid Osman (1924-2017), the late head of the family.[11][12][13] The succession law used is agnatic seniority, with the succession passing to eldest male dynast.[14]

  1. Sultan Imperial Prince Dündar Aliosman (b. 1930). Present 45th Head of the House of Osman, and also known as Osman VI. (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[12][13][14][15][16]
  2. Sultan Imperial Prince Ibro Osmanoğlu Haçimuratoglu (b.1932) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][15][16]
  3. Sultan Imperial Prince Osman Selaheddin Osmanoğlu (b. 1940) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I, and of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi)[11][12][13][14][15][16]
  4. Sultan Imperial Prince Ömer Abdülmecid Osmanoğlu (b. 1941) (descendant of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi and Mahmud Namık)[11][12][13][16]
  5. Sultan Imperial Prince Mehmed Ziyaeddin (b. 1947) (descendant of Mehmed V)[11][12][13][15][16]
  6. Sultan Imperial Prince Roland Selim Kadir (b. 1949) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][16]
  7. Sultan Imperial Prince Selim Djem (b. 1955) (descendant of Abdülmecid I)[11][12][13][14][16]
  8. Sultan Imperial Prince Orhan İbrahim Suleiman Saadeddin (b. 1959) (descendant of Abdülaziz I)[11][12][13][14][16]
  9. Sultan Imperial Prince Orhan Osmanoğlu (b. 1963) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][16]
  10. Sultan Imperial Prince Eric Mehmed Ziyaeddin Nazim (b. 1966) (descendant of Mehmed V)[11][12][13][16]
  11. Sultan Imperial Prince Orhan Murad Osmanoğlu (b. 1972) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I, and of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi)[11][12][13][14][15][16]
  12. Sultan Imperial Prince Francis Mahmud Namık Osmanoğlu (b. 1975) (descendant of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi and Mahmud Namık)[11][12][13][16]
  13. Sultan Imperial Prince René Osman Abdul Kadir (b. 1975) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][16]
  14. Sultan Imperial Prince Fadil Haçimuratoglu (b. 1953) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][16]
  15. Sultan Imperial Prince Abdulhamid Kayıhan Osmanoğlu (b. 1979) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][16]
  16. Sultan Imperial Prince Selim Süleyman Osmanoğlu (b. 1979) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I, and of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi)[11][12][13][14][16]
  17. Sultan Imperial Prince Nazım Osmanoğlu (b. 1985) (descendant of Mehmed V)[11][12][13][16]
  18. Sultan Imperial Prince Yavuz Selim Osmanoğlu (b. 1989) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][16]
  19. Sultan Imperial Prince Turan Cem Osmanoğlu (b. 2004) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I)[11][12][13][16]
  20. Sultan Imperial Prince Tamer Nihad Osmanoğlu (b. 2006) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I)[11][12][13][16]
  21. Sultan Imperial Prince Harun Osmanoğlu (b. 2007) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13]
  22. Sultan Imperial Prince Batu Bayezid Osmanoğlu (b. 2008) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I)[11][12][13][16]
  23. Sultan Imperial Prince Ziyaeddin Reşad Osmanoğlu (b. 2012) (descendant of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi and Mahmud Namık)[11][12][13][16]
  24. Sultan Imperial Prince Ömer Cem Osmanoğlu (b. 2015) (descendant of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi and Mahmud Namık)[11][12][13][16]

Imperial Princesses (Sultans) of the House of Osman[edit]

The formal way of addressing the female descendants of the Ottoman Sultans is Devletlû İsmetlu (given name) Sultân Aliyyetü'ş-Şân Hazretleri, i.e. Sultana (given name). According to genealogies of the House of Osman, had the Sultanate not been abolished, there would be fourteen Sultana

  1. Sultana Margot Leyla Osmanoğlu (b. 1947) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][15][16]
  2. Sultana Nilüfer Osmanoğlu (b. 1953) (descendant of Abdülmecid I)[11][12][13][14][15][16]
  3. Sultana Perihan Osmanoğlu (b. 1963) (descendant of Abdülaziz)[11][12][13][14][15][16]
  4. Sultana Ayşe Louise Osmanoğlu (b. 1964) (descendant of Mehmed V)[11][12][13][14][15][16]
  5. Sultana Gülhan Osmanoğlu (b. 1968) (descendant of Abdülaziz)[11][12][13][14][15][16]
  6. Sultana Ayşe Gülnev Osmanoğlu (b. 1971) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I, and of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi)[11][12][13][16]
  7. Sultana Nurhan Osmanoğlu (b. 1973) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][16]
  8. Sultana Nilhan Osmanoğlu (b. 1987) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][16]
  9. Sultana Tamarah Haçimuratoglu Osmanoğlu (b. 1988) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][16]
  10. Sultana Zoe Osmanoğlu (b. 1988) (descendant of Mehmed V)[11][12][13][14][15][16]
  11. Sultana Nilüfer Osmanoğlu (b. 1995) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][15][16]
  12. Sultana Berna Osmanoğlu (b. 1998) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][16]
  13. Sultana Asyahan Osmanoğlu (b. 2004) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][16]
  14. Sultana Esma Emira Osmanoğlu (b. 2015) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I, and of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi)[11][12][13][16]

Family trees[edit]

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Abdulaziz Line of descent from Sultan Abdulaziz

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Mehmed Murad V Family tree showing descent from Murad V

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Abdulhamid II Family tree showing line of descent from Sultan Abdulhamid II

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Mehmed V Reshad Family tree showing descent from Sultan Mehmed V Reshad

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Mehmed IV Vahiddeddin. Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Mehmed IV Vahiddeddin

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Caliph Abdulmecid Family tree showing descent from Caliph Abdulmecid

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Mehmed V Reshad Family tree showing descent from Sultan Mehmed V Reshad

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Brookes, Douglas (2008). The concubine, the princess, and the teacher: voices from the Ottoman harem. University of Texas Press. pp. 278, 285. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Opfell, Olga (2001). Royalty who wait: the 21 heads of formerly regnant houses of Europe. McFarland. pp. 146, 151. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  3. ^ a b Bernstein, Fred. “Ertugrul Osman, Link to Ottoman Dynasty, Dies at 97”, The New York Times (2009-09-24).
  4. ^ Pope, Hugh. "Oldest Ottoman to come home at last", The Independent (1992-07-22).
  5. ^ "'Osmanoğulları'na insanlık şehadet edecek'", Zaman (newspaper) (2009-09-27).
  6. ^ a b Bilefsky, Dan (4 December 2009). "Turkey Reveling in Its Past". The New York Times. 
  7. ^ Akgüneş, Gürkan 2006 "Şehzadeler sarayda buluştu" Milliyet Retrieved 2011-07-20
  8. ^ 2006 "2006 yılından hanedanın bir videosu" Ottoman Dynasty Foundation Retrieved 2011-07-20
  9. ^ Bilefsky, Dan 2009-12-4 "Frustrated with the West, Turks Revel in Empire Lost" New York Times Retrieved 2011-07-20
  10. ^ "The Ottoman caliphate: Worldly, pluralist, hedonistic—and Muslim, too". The Economist. 19 December 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al "Hayatta Olan Şehzadeler". Foundation of the Ottoman Dynasty. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am "Osmanlı Hanedanı vakıf çatısı altında toplanıyor". Sabah. 13 September 2010. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am İbrahim Pazan (15 September 2009). "Osmanoğullarının yeni reisi Osman Bayezid Efendi". Netgazete. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Almanach de Gotha (184th ed.). Almanach de Gotha. 2000. pp. 365, 912–915. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Burke's Royal Families of the World (2 ed.). Burke's Peerage. 1980. p. 247. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak "Current Living Şehzades". Official Ottoman Family Website. Retrieved 15 April 2011.