|Osmaston shown within Derbyshire|
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Osmaston is a suburb of the city of Derby, England. It is situated about 4 km south of the city centre, it is written in the Domesday Book as Osmundestune. In 1307 the manor of Osmaston was granted to Robert Holland. It was the location of Osmaston Hall the residence of the Wilmot baronets of Osmaston.
There are two places called Osmaston in Derbyshire. This Osmaston and another in the Derbyshire Dales. It has been this way for at least 900 years. Both places are mentioned in the Domesday Book and both called Osmundestune.
The manor in Derby was the home of the ancient family of the Wilmot baronets. These baronets built Osmaston Hall which included its own chapel of James the Lesser. The hall was demolished to make way for Ascot Drive industrial estate in 1938, whilst the chapel managed to survive until 1952.
During World War II, on Monday, July 27, 1942, at 7.50am a lone Dornier 217 attacked the Rolls-Royce factory in the area, which was making Merlin Engines and vital to the war effort. The aircraft, at very low level, hit the central stores and the houses opposite. The plane turned, strafed civilians in the Osmaston area and shot down a barrage balloon before returning to base. Twenty-eight people were killed.
Up till 2007, Osmaston was the main location of the manufacturing unit of Rolls-Royce, until this facility was moved 2 km south to Sinfin. The Nightingale Road, Main Works site opened in 1908 to manufacture the Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost and at the rear of the site a test track called "Miniature Brooklands" was used to prove the cars.
The area was called The Osmaston Triangle, an area of Derby bounded by a railway line, Osmaston Road and Osmaston Park Road, with the two roads joining at the "Spider Bridge" in Allenton. In 2003 a major project called the 'Osmaston Housing Improvement Zone' was approved, designed to improve the condition of the local housing. This work included much of the older, privately owned terraced houses in the area with 20 empty properties brought back into use and 93 low-income families helped with essential repairs.
At the southern edge of Osmaston is a park, known locally as “Top Park”. It is 650 meters long by 250 meters wide with a pathed perimeter of 1,500 meters. It has two grassed areas set aside as football pitches, either side of a central wooded circle called "Ash Wood" with an adventure playground. The park features two Crown Green bowling lawns, basketball courts a community centre and BMX track.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Osmaston, Derby.|
- Kelly's Directory of the Counties of Derby, Notts, Leicester and Rutland. (London, 1891) p. 222, accessed 11 May 2010
- [History of Derbyshire' by David Peter Davies History of Derbyshire], David Peter Davies, 1911, accessed May 2010
- Photo gallery
- Rolls-Royce land to be bought up for Osmaston masterplan