Osmium hexafluoride

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Osmium hexafluoride
Osmium(VI)-fluoride.svg
Names
IUPAC name
osmium(VI) fluoride
Other names
osmium hexafluoride
Identifiers
13768-38-2
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 123327
Properties
OsF6
Molar mass 304.22 g/mol
Appearance yellow crystalline solid[1]
Density 5.09g/mL[2]
Melting point 33.4 °C (92.1 °F; 306.5 K)[1]
Boiling point 47.5 °C (117.5 °F; 320.6 K)[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Osmium hexafluoride, also osmium(VI) fluoride, (OsF6) is a compound of osmium and fluorine, and one of the seventeen known binary hexafluorides.

Synthesis[edit]

Osmium hexafluoride is made by a direct reaction of osmium metal in an excess of elemental fluorine gas at 300 °C.

Os + 3 F
2
OsF
6

Description[edit]

Osmium hexafluoride is a yellow crystalline solid that melts at 33.4 °C and boils at 47.5 °C.[1] The solid structure measured at −140 °C is orthorhombic space group Pnma. Lattice parameters are a = 9.387 Å, b = 8.543 Å, and c = 4.944 Å. There are four formula units (in this case, discrete molecules) per unit cell, giving a density of 5.09 g·cm−3.[2]

The OsF6 molecule itself (the form important for the liquid or gas phase) has octahedral molecular geometry, which has point group (Oh). The Os–F bond length is 1.827 Å.[2]

Partial hydrolysis of OsF6 produces OsOF4.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 90th Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 2009, ISBN 978-1-4200-9084-0, Section 4, Physical Constants of Inorganic Compounds, p. 4-85.
  2. ^ a b c Drews, T.; Supeł, J.; Hagenbach, A.; Seppelt, K. (2006). "Solid State Molecular Structures of Transition Metal Hexafluorides". Inorganic Chemistry 45 (9): 3782–3788. doi:10.1021/ic052029f. PMID 16634614. 
  3. ^ Paine, R. T. (1 June 1973). "Partial hydrolysis of rhenium and osmium hexafluorides. An improved synthesis and characterization of rhenium oxide tetrafluoride". Inorganic Chemistry 12 (6): 1457–1458. doi:10.1021/ic50124a060. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]