Osmunda spectabilis

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Osmunda spectabilis
Osmunda spectabilis Kentucky.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Division: Polypodiophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Osmundales
Family: Osmundaceae
Genus: Osmunda
Species:
O. spectabilis
Binomial name
Osmunda spectabilis
Synonyms[1]
List
    • Osmunda glaucescens Link.
    • Osmunda gracilis Link
    • Osmunda mexicana Fée
    • Osmunda palmeri A.E.Bobrov
    • Osmunda palustris Schrad.
    • Osmunda piresii Brade
    • Osmunda regalis var. brasiliensis (Grev. & Hook.) Pic.Serm.
    • Osmunda regalis var. palustris (Schrad.) C.Chr. ex Angely
    • Osmunda regalis subsp. palustris (Schrad.) Á.Löve & D.Löve
    • Osmunda regalis subsp. spectabilis (Willd.) Á.Löve & D.Löve
    • Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis (Willd.) A.Gray
    • Osmunda spectabilis var. brasiliensis Grev. & Hook.

Osmunda spectabilis, known as American royal fern, is a species of fern native to a large area of the New World, from Canada to Argentina.[1][2]

Description[edit]

Osmunda spectabilis is an easy fern to recognize in the New World flora. Although it closely resembles species O. regalis, O. japonica, and O. lancea, only O. spectabilis is found growing naturally in the New World. The fronds of O. spectabilis can exceed 1 meter in length and are bipinnate. The pinnules are attached by a very narrow base. The plant produces separate sterile and fertile fronds. Fertile fronds are similar to the sterile fronds, in the lower and middle portions, but the top-most pinnae are fertile and they are much reduced and brown when mature in the early summer.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

American royal fern is most commonly found growing in wetter soils such as those found in wet forests, bogs, and along streams and lakes.[4]

Taxonomy[edit]

Osmunda
subg. Claytosmunda

Osmunda claytoniana

subg. Plenasium

Osmunda javanica

Osmunda banksiifolia

Osmunda vachellii

subg. Osmunda

Osmunda regalis

Osmunda spectabilis

Osmunda japonica

Osmunda lancea

Osmunda spectabilis was formerly considered to be a variety of Osmunda regalis (Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis). Another variety, Osmunda spectabilis var. brasiliensis, (formerly Osmunda regalis var. brasiliensis) also exists in tropical regions of Central and South America, but it is only recognized by some authors.

Osmunda angustifolia, Osmunda bromeliifolia, and all extinct Osmunda species are missing from this cladogram. The classification is based on the genetic analysis presented in "The Paraphyly of Osmunda is Confirmed by Phylogenetic Analyses of Seven Plastid Loci."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Osmunda spectabilis Willd". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis". www.marylandbiodiversity.com. Maryland Biodiversity Project. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  3. ^ Fewless, Gary. "Royal Fern". Cofrin Center for Biodiversity, University of Wisconsin, Green Bay. Retrieved 11 September 2011.
  4. ^ "Royal Fern". Connecticut Botanical Society. Retrieved 11 September 2011.
  5. ^ Metzgar, Jordan S., Judith E. Skog, Elizabeth A. Zimmer, and Kathleen M. Pryer (2008). "The Paraphyly of Osmunda is Confirmed by Phylogenetic Analyses of Seven Plastid Loci." Systematic Botany https://sites.duke.edu/pryerlab/files/2017/12/metzgar-et-al-osmunda-2008.original.pdf