Osorno (volcano)

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Osorno
Volcan Osorno.jpg
Osorno in 1993
Highest point
Elevation 2,652 m (8,701 ft) [1]
Coordinates 41°06′00″S 72°29′35″W / 41.10000°S 72.49306°W / -41.10000; -72.49306[1]
Geography
Osorno.png
Location Chile
Parent range Andes
Geology
Mountain type Stratovolcano
Volcanic arc/belt South Volcanic Zone
Last eruption 1869[1]
Climbing
First ascent 1848 by Jean Renous
Easiest route rock/snow/ice climb

Osorno Volcano is a 2,652-metre (8,701 ft) tall conical stratovolcano lying between Osorno Province and Llanquihue Province, in Los Lagos Region of Chile. It stands on the southeastern shore of Llanquihue Lake, and also towers over Todos los Santos Lake. Osorno is known worldwide[citation needed] as a symbol of the local landscape, and is noted for its similar appearance to Mount Fuji.

Osorno is one of the most active volcanoes of the southern Chilean Andes, with 11 historical eruptions recorded between 1575 and 1869. The basalt and andesite lava flows generated during these eruptions reached both Llanquihue and Todos los Santos Lakes. The upper slopes of the volcano are almost entirely covered in glaciers despite its very modest altitude and latitude, sustained by the substantial snowfall in the very moist maritime climate of the region.This mountain also produces pyroclastic flow, since it is a composite volcano.

Osorno sits on top of a 250,000-year-old eroded stratovolcano, La Picada, with a 6-km-wide caldera.[2]

Trivia[edit]

Image gallery[edit]

A panoramic view of Osorno Volcano from Llanquihue Lake on 11 Feb 2010. The image is created from six separate photos stitched together.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Osorno". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
  2. ^ "Volcanoes of South America". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2010-02-23.
  3. ^ Sierra magazine, Jan/Feb 2006, travel column, "Good Going"
  4. ^ The American Museum of Natural History: A Trip Around the World
  5. ^ [1]