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Osorno in 1993
|Elevation||2,652 m (8,701 ft) |
|Volcanic arc/belt||South Volcanic Zone|
|First ascent||1848 by Jean Renous|
|Easiest route||rock/snow/ice climb|
Osorno Volcano is a 2,652-metre (8,701 ft) tall conical stratovolcano lying between Osorno Province and Llanquihue Province, in Los Lagos Region of Chile. It stands on the southeastern shore of Llanquihue Lake, and also towers over Todos los Santos Lake. Osorno is known worldwide as a symbol of the local landscape, and is noted for its similar appearance to Mount Fuji.
Osorno is one of the most active volcanoes of the southern Chilean Andes, with 11 historical eruptions recorded between 1575 and 1869. The basalt and andesite lava flows generated during these eruptions reached both Llanquihue and Todos los Santos Lakes. The upper slopes of the volcano are almost entirely covered in glaciers despite its very modest altitude and latitude, sustained by the substantial snowfall in the very moist maritime climate of the region.This mountain also produces pyroclastic flow, since it is a composite volcano.
- Charles Darwin glimpsed Volcán Osorno from a distance in the course of the second voyage of the Beagle, catching sight of its eruption in January 1835.
- Volcán Osorno was used as the backdrop for promotional photos and video in Motorola's 2005 global advertising campaign for the PEBL mobile phone.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Volcan Osorno.|
- "Osorno". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
- "Volcanoes of South America". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2010-02-23.
- Sierra magazine, Jan/Feb 2006, travel column, "Good Going"
- The American Museum of Natural History: A Trip Around the World
- Biggar, John (2005). The Andes: A Guide for Climbers (3rd ed.). Andes Publishing (Scotland). p. 304 pp. ISBN 0-9536087-2-7.
- González-Ferrán, Oscar (1995). Volcanes de Chile. Santiago, Chile: Instituto Geográfico Militar. p. 640 pp. ISBN 956-202-054-1. (in Spanish; also includes volcanoes of Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru)