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Osteochondritis is a painful type of osteochondrosis where the cartilage or bone in a joint is inflamed.[1]

It often refers to osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). The term dissecans refers to the "creation of a flap of cartilage that further dissects away from its underlying subchondral attachments (dissecans)".[2]

The other recognized types of osteochondritis are osteochondritis deformans juvenilis (osteochondritis of the capitular head of the epiphysis of the femur)[1] and osteochondritis deformans juvenilis dorsi (osteochondrosis of the spinal vertebrae, also known as Scheuermann's disease).[1][3]

Osteochondritis, and especially osteochondritis dissecans, can manifest in animals as a primary cause of elbow dysplasia, a chronic condition in some dog breeds.[4]


  1. ^ a b c "Osteochondritis" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ "CAL > Home". cal.vet.upenn.edu. Archived from the original on September 13, 2007. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
  3. ^ Scheuermann's+disease at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
  4. ^ Quoted from: Matthew Pead and Sue Guthrie. "Elbow Dysplasia in dogs – a new scheme explained" (PDF). British Veterinary Association (BVA). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-02. Retrieved 2010-07-16.

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