Osteomeles

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Osteomeles
Osteomeles anthyllidifolia 2.jpg
Osteomeles anthyllidifolia (ʻŪlei)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae[1]
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Genus: Osteomeles
Lindl.[2]

Osteomeles is a genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae. They are shrubs native to eastern Asia, with compound leaves, opposite leaf arrangement, and small pome fruit.[3] The fruits of all species in this genus are edible.[citation needed]

Taxonomy[edit]

The genus has sometimes been considered to include South American species of Hesperomeles which, like Osteomeles, have only one ovule per locule and hard pyrenes. But Hesperomeles notably have simple leaves, and recent molecular phylogenetics suggest that the two genera are only distantly related.[4]

Selected species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Potter, D., et al. (2007). Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution. 266(1–2): 5–43. [Referring to the subfamily by the name "Spiraeoideae"]
  2. ^ "Osteomeles Lindl.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-01-30. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  3. ^ Gu Cuizhi (Ku Tsue-chih) and Stephen A. Spongberg (2003), "Osteomeles Lindley, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 13: 96, 98. 1821", Flora of China online, 9 
  4. ^ Li, Q.-Y.; Guo, W.; Liao, W.-B.; Macklin, J.A.; Li, J.-H. (2012), "Generic limits of Pyrinae: Insights from nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences", Botanical Studies, 53: 151–164