|• Total||636 km2 (246 sq mi)|
|Population (31 December 2013)|
|• Density||120/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Osterode (German pronunciation: [ɔstəˈʁoːdə]) is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the southwest and clockwise) the districts of Göttingen, Northeim and Goslar, and by the state of Thuringia (districts of Nordhausen and Eichsfeld).
This part of the Harz mountains was ruled by the Welfen dynasty from the 12th century on. Osterode was the centre of the Principality of Brunswick-Grubenhagen, one of many small states within Brunswick-Lüneburg. Later this principality became part of Hanover, which in turn fell to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866. In 1885 the Prussian administration established districts, among them Osterode.
From 1 November 2016, Osterode will cease to become a separate district and be merged with an enlarged Göttingen.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms displays two heraldic lions. The lion in the upper part is from the arms of Hanover, the lower lion represents the Welfen dynasty.
Towns and municipalities
- Harz (Landkreis Osterode am Harz) (267.37 km², uninhabited)
|1seat of the Samtgemeinde|
- Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2013 (Tabelle K1020014)
- "Gebietsänderungsvertrag zwischen den Landkreisen Göttingen und Osterode am Harz" [Treaty between the districts of Göttingen and Osterode am Harz] (PDF) (in German). District of Osterode. 1 February 2014.
Media related to Landkreis Osterode am Harz at Wikimedia Commons