Primary interatrial foramen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ostium primum)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Primary interatrial foramen
Gray465.png
The developing human heart, at day 30. The ostium primum joins the primitive atrium and lies beneath the septum primum (top middle) and becomes progressively smaller as the septum grows in size.
Details
SystemCardiovascular system
LocationDeveloping heart
Identifiers
Latinforamen primum
TEE5.11.1.5.2.1.1
Anatomical terminology

In the developing heart, the atria are initially open to each other, with the opening known as the primary interatrial foramen or ostium primum (or interatrial foramen primum). The foramen lies beneath the edge of septum primum and the endocardial cushions. It progressively decreases in size as the septum grows downwards, and disappears with the formation of the atrial septum.

Structure[edit]

The foramen lies beneath the edge of septum primum and the endocardial cushions. It progressively decreases in size as the septum grows downwards, and disappears with the formation of the atrial septum.

Closure[edit]

The septum primum, a septum which grows down to separate the primitive atrium into the left atrium and right atrium, grows in size over the course of heart development. The primary interatrial foramen is the gap between the septum primum and the septum intermedium, which gets progressively smaller until it closes.

Clinical significance[edit]

Failure of the septum primum to fuse with the endocardial cushion can lead to an ostium primum atrial septal defect.[1] This is the second most common type of atrial septal defect[2] and is commonly seen in Down's syndrome. Typically this defect will cause a shunt to occur from the left atrium to the right atrium. Children born with this defect may be asymptomatic, however, over time pulmonary hypertension and the resulting hypertrophy of the right side of the heart will lead to a reversal of this shunt. This reversal is called Eisenmenger's syndrome.

References[edit]

This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 512 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ "ostium primum atrial septal defect". GPnotebook.
  2. ^ Diagram of Ostium Secundum Atrial Septal Defect at Mayo Clinic

External links[edit]