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Ostrakine (Greek: Ὀστρακίνη or Latin: Ostracena) was an Ancient Egyptian city at a location that is known as El Felusiyat today.


Ostrakine was located on the road between Alexandria and Gaza at Lake Bardawil, a saltwater lagoon near the Mediterranean coast of the northern Sinai.


Established as a harbour in the first century BC,[1] near Sirbonis, the longtime border between Egypt and Syria,[2] archaeological evidence suggests that Ostrakine was a centre of glass-making in the classical period.[3] A bishopric during the Byzantine period, there is evidence of three Byzantine churches,[4] and that the town remained important as a stop along the trade route in the early Muslim period.[5]


Ostrakine has traditionally been thought to be the site of the tomb of the prophet Habakkuk[6] and the martyrdom of James the Less [7]

Madaba Map[edit]

Ostrakine is depicted on the Madaba Map [2]


  1. ^ Oked, Sarit, "Patterns of the Transport Amphorae at Ostrakine During the 6th Century", ARAM Periodical Peeters Online Journal, 1996, Vol 8 No.1 [1]
  2. ^ Mooren, Léon, Lake Serbonis and Sabkhat Bardaawill, Peeters Publishers, p. 474
  3. ^ Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Sargalassos Archaeological Research Project, Glass as subject of study
  4. ^ Figueras, Pau, "The Road Linking Palestine and Egypt along the Sinai Coast, The Madaba Mosaic Map" retrieved 09-08-10
  5. ^ Horden, Peregrine and Purcell, Nicholas, The Corrupting Sea, a Study of Mediterranean history, Wiley-Blackwell p. 171
  6. ^ Figueras
  7. ^ A religious encyclopædia: or, Dictionary of Biblical, historical, doctrinal and practical theology, New York: 1910, Funk & Wagnalls, p. 1140