Ostrogozhsk

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Ostrogozhsk

Острогожск
A residential district in Ostrogozhsk
A residential district in Ostrogozhsk
Flag of Ostrogozhsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Ostrogozhsk
Coat of arms
Location of Ostrogozhsk
Ostrogozhsk is located in Russia
Ostrogozhsk
Ostrogozhsk
Location of Ostrogozhsk
Ostrogozhsk is located in Voronezh Oblast
Ostrogozhsk
Ostrogozhsk
Ostrogozhsk (Voronezh Oblast)
Coordinates: 50°52′N 39°04′E / 50.867°N 39.067°E / 50.867; 39.067Coordinates: 50°52′N 39°04′E / 50.867°N 39.067°E / 50.867; 39.067
CountryRussia
Federal subjectVoronezh Oblast[1]
Administrative districtOstrogozhsky District[1]
Urban settlementOstrogozhsk[1]
Founded1652
Town status since1765
Area
 • Total22 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation
110 m (360 ft)
Population
 • Total33,842
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
32,601 (-3.7%)
 • Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
 • Capital ofOstrogozhsky District[1], Ostrogozhsk Urban Settlement[1]
 • Municipal districtOstrogozhsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementOstrogozhsk Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofOstrogozhsky Municipal District[4], Ostrogozhsk Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
397850, 397852–397855
Dialing code(s)+7 47375
OKTMO ID20631101001
Ostrogozhsk population
2010 Census33,842[2]
2002 Census34,585[7]
1989 Census34,492[8]
1979 Census34,044[9]

Ostrogozhsk (Russian: Острого́жск) is a town and the administrative center of Ostrogozhsky District in Voronezh Oblast, Russia, located on the Tikhaya Sosna River (a Don's tributary), 142 kilometers (88 mi) south of Voronezh, the administrative center of the oblast. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 33,842.[2]

History[edit]

Ostogozhsk is a historical center of Eastern Sloboda Ukraine. It was established in 1652 by Belgorod Voivode Fedor Arsenyev and Cossack Ivan Zevkovsky (or Dzenkovsky) as Ostogozhsk (little fortress) bringing along some 2,000 resettlers from Chernigov and Nezhin Regiments around an ostrog (fortress) of the Belgorod Defensive Line of Russia.[10][11][12] During the time of Stepan Razin's revolt against Aleksey Mikhailovich of Russia the city was under control of rebellious Cossacks.

In 1696 Peter the Great stopped at Ostrogozhsk to meet with the Hetman of Zaporizhian Host Ivan Mazepa and Cossacks of Ostrogozhsk regiment.[11] At the Ostrogozhsk city square is located a memorial commemorating the event.[10][13]

In 1765 the city was incorporated into newly established the Sloboda Ukraine Governorate.[11] In 1802 the city of Ostrogozhsk ended up in the new Voronezh Governorate[11] and same year it was granted the town rights. Since then the city became a center of the split East Sloboda Ukraine. According to the 1897 Russian census there were 1.1 million of Little Russians in Voronezh Governorate, which was only insignificantly less than the number of Great Russians.[10] From 19th Century Ostrogozhsk became one of important cultural centers of South Russia, in this town were active such important figures for the history of Russian culture like writer und historian Nikolai Kostomarov, philosopher Nikolai Stankevich, painter Ivan Kramskoi, poet Kondraty Ryleyev and many others.

In 1917-1918, the town was controlled by the pro-German Ukrainian Hetmanate.[10] From 1919 the town was controlled by Anton Denikin's South Russian White Armee. In 1920, Ostrogozhsk became a part of Soviet Russia, while borders between the Soviet Russia and the Soviet Ukraine were not finalized until 1923-25.[10] In 1928 Ostrogozhsk became a district's administrative center within what now is Voronezh Oblast. The town was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II from July 5, 1942 (during the Battle of Voronezh) to January 20, 1943, when it was liberated in the course of the Ostrogozhsk–Rossosh Offensive.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Ostrogozhsk serves as the administrative center of Ostrogozhsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with six rural localities in Ostrogozhsky District, incorporated within Ostrogozhsky District as Ostrogozhsk Urban Settlement.[1] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban settlement status and is a part of Ostrogozhsky Municipal District.[4]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Law #87-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #88-OZ
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  10. ^ a b c d e Leonov, I. Ukrainian Don Region. "Ukrayina Moloda".
  11. ^ a b c d Smoliy, V.A. Ivan Dzykovskyi (ДЗИКОВСЬКИЙ ІВАН). Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine.
  12. ^ Ostrohozk (ОСТРОГОЗЬК). Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine.
  13. ^ photo

Sources[edit]

  • Воронежская областная Дума. Закон №87-ОЗ от 27 октября 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Воронежской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №41-ОЗ от 13 апреля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Воронежской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Воронежской области и порядке его изменения"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Молодой коммунар", №123, 3 ноября 2006 г. (Voronezh Oblast Duma. Law #87-OZ of October 27, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Voronezh Oblast and on the Procedures of Changing It, as amended by the Law #41-OZ of April 13, 2015 On Amending the Law of Voronezh Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Voronezh Oblast and on the Procedures of Changing It". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).
  • Воронежская областная Дума. Закон №88-ОЗ от 2 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ, наделении соответствующим статусом, определении административных центров муниципальных образований Грибановского, Каширского, Острогожского, Семилукского, Таловского, Хохольского районов и города Нововоронеж», в ред. Закона №77-ОЗ от 4 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Воронежской области в связи с изменением границ некоторых муниципальных образований Воронежской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Коммуна", №189, 4 декабря 2004 г. (Voronezh Oblast Duma. Law #88-OZ of December 2, 2004 On Establishing the Borders, Granting Appropriate Status, Establishing the Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations of Gribanovsky, Kashirsky, Ostrogozhsky, Semiluksky, Talovsky, Khokholsky Districts and the Town of Novovoronezh, as amended by the Law #77-OZ of June 4, 2015 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Voronezh Oblast Due to Changing the Borders of Several Municipal Formations in Voronezh Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).

External links[edit]