Ostrogozhsk

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Ostrogozhsk
Острогожск
-  Town[1]  -
Severniy distr.in Ostrogozhsk.JPG

A residential district in Ostrogozhsk

Flag

Coat of arms
Ostrogozhsk is located in Voronezh Oblast
Ostrogozhsk
Ostrogozhsk
Location of Ostrogozhsk in Voronezh Oblast
Coordinates: 50°52′N 39°04′E / 50.867°N 39.067°E / 50.867; 39.067Coordinates: 50°52′N 39°04′E / 50.867°N 39.067°E / 50.867; 39.067
Administrative status (as of April 2015)
Country Russia
Federal subject Voronezh Oblast[1]
Administrative district Ostrogozhsky District[1]
Urban settlement Ostrogozhsk[1]
Administrative center of Ostrogozhsky District,[1] Ostrogozhsk Urban Settlement[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2015)
Municipal district Ostrogozhsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Ostrogozhsk Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Ostrogozhsky Municipal District,[2] Ostrogozhsk Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 33,842 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1652[citation needed]
Town status since 1765[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 397850, 397852–397855
Dialing code(s) +7 47375[citation needed]
Ostrogozhsk on Wikimedia Commons
Ostrogozhsk population
2010 Census 33,842[3]
2002 Census 34,585[6]
1989 Census 34,492[7]
1979 Census 34,044[8]

Ostrogozhsk (Russian: Острого́жск; Ukrainian: Острогозьк) is a town and the administrative center of Ostrogozhsky District in Voronezh Oblast, Russia, located on the Tikhaya Sosna River (a Don's tributary), 142 kilometers (88 mi) south of Voronezh, the administrative center of the oblast. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 33,842.[3]

History[edit]

Ostrogozsk is the historical center of Eastern Sloboda Ukraine. It was established in 1652 by Ukrainian Cossacks (Chernigov and Nezhin Regiments) as an ostrog (fortress).[9] In 1696 Peter the Great stopped at Ostrogozhsk to meet with the Hetman of Zaporizhian Host Ivan Mazepa and Cossacks of Ostrogozhsk regiment. At the Ostrogozhsk city square "Maidan" is located a memorial commemorating the event.[9][10] After reestablishing the Sloboda Ukraine Governorate in 1765 Ostrogozhsk ended up in the new Voronezh Governorate and same year it was granted the town rights.[citation needed] Since then the city became a center of the split East Sloboda Ukraine. According to the 1897 Russian census there were 1.1 million of Ukrainians (Little Russians) in Voronezh Governorate, which was only insignificantly less than the number of Russians (Great Russians).[9] According to the 1989 Soviet Census in Voronezh Oblast there were 250,000 Ukrainians and only 75,000 during the 2002 Russian Census.[9] In 1917-1919, the town was controlled by the Ukrainian People's Republic and the Hetmanate; over 90% of the population was Ukrainian.[9] In 1920, Ostrogozsk became a part of Soviet Russia, while borders between the Soviet Russia and the Soviet Ukraine were not finalized until 1923-25.[9] In 1928 Ostrogozhsk became a district's administrative center within what now is Voronezh Oblast. The town was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II from July 5, 1942 (during the Battle of Voronezh) to January 20, 1943, when it was liberated in the course of the Ostrogozhsk–Rossosh Offensive.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Ostrogozhsk serves as the administrative center of Ostrogozhsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with six rural localities in Ostrogozhsky District, incorporated within Ostrogozhsky District as Ostrogozhsk Urban Settlement.[1] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban settlement status and is a part of Ostrogozhsky Municipal District.[2]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Law #87-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #88-OZ
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Leonov, I. Ukrainian Don Region. "Ukrayina Moloda".
  10. ^ photo

Sources[edit]

  • Воронежская областная Дума. Закон №87-ОЗ от 27 октября 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Воронежской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №41-ОЗ от 13 апреля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Воронежской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Воронежской области и порядке его изменения"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Молодой коммунар", №123, 3 ноября 2006 г. (Voronezh Oblast Duma. Law #87-OZ of October 27, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Voronezh Oblast and on the Procedures of Changing It, as amended by the Law #41-OZ of April 13, 2015 On Amending the Law of Voronezh Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Voronezh Oblast and on the Procedures of Changing It". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).
  • Воронежская областная Дума. Закон №88-ОЗ от 2 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ, наделении соответствующим статусом, определении административных центров муниципальных образований Грибановского, Каширского, Острогожского, Семилукского, Таловского, Хохольского районов и города Нововоронеж», в ред. Закона №77-ОЗ от 4 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Воронежской области в связи с изменением границ некоторых муниципальных образований Воронежской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Коммуна", №189, 4 декабря 2004 г. (Voronezh Oblast Duma. Law #88-OZ of December 2, 2004 On Establishing the Borders, Granting Appropriate Status, Establishing the Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations of Gribanovsky, Kashirsky, Ostrogozhsky, Semiluksky, Talovsky, Khokholsky Districts and the Town of Novovoronezh, as amended by the Law #77-OZ of June 4, 2015 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Voronezh Oblast Due to Changing the Borders of Several Municipal Formations in Voronezh Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).

External links[edit]