Ostrogozhsk–Rossosh Offensive

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Ostrogozhsk–Rossosh Offensive
Part of World War II
Date January 13[1]–27, 1943
Location Ostrogozhsk, Rossosh
Result Soviet victory
Hungary Hungary
Italy Italy
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Commanders and leaders
Hungary Gusztáv Jány
Italy Italo Gariboldi
Soviet Union Pavel Rybalko
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses

Russian sources
123,000 killed and captured,
1,400 artillery pieces,
262 tanks[2]

Ignac Romsics
40,000 KIA, 35,000 WIA, 60,000 POW. (Hungarian only)[3]

Krisztián Ungváry

42,000 KIA or frozen
26,000 POW
at least 28,044 WIA (Hungarian only)[4]
33,331 casualties[5]

The Ostrogozhsk–Rossosh Offensive (Russian: Острогожско-Россошанская операция) was an offensive of the Voronezh Front on the Eastern Front of World War II against the Hungarian 2nd Army and partially Italian 8th Army. The offensive is better known as part of Operation Little Saturn, made in support of the Stalingrad encirclement. The offensive was supported from the south by the right flank of the Soviet 6th Army and the 3rd Guards Tank Army of Pavel Rybalko.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Some sources give January 12 as the start of the operation. On this day the combat reconnaissance ("probing") was carried out by Soviet advance guard troops. The major Soviet forces were put into action on the next day.
  2. ^ 9 мая 1945 года - Воспоминания, Составители: В. Д. Вознесенский Д. Б. Рубежный. Под редакцией члена-корреспондента АН СССР А. М. Самсонова.— М.: Наука, 1970 - К. С. Москаленко, В боях рождалась Победа
  3. ^ Ignac Romsics: The history of Hungary in the 20th century, 255p., Osiris, 1999.; ISBN 963 379 548 6
  4. ^ Krisztián Ungváry: The Hungarian Army in the Second World War,196p., Osiris, 2005.;ISBN 963 389 685 1
  5. ^ Г. Ф. Кривошеев, Россия и СССР в войнах XX века - Потери вооруженных сил - Статистическое исследование, Москва, Олма, 2001

Further reading[edit]

  • (Russian) Голиков Ф. И. Острогожско-Россошанская операция, Военно-исторический журнал, 1973, № 1.
  • (German) Thomas Schlemmer (Hrsg.) : Die Italiener an der Ostfront 1942/43: Dokumente zu Mussolinis Krieg gegen die Sowjetunion (übersetzt von Georg Kuck). München, Oldenbourg, 2005, 291 pages, Literaturverz. S. [275] – 283. Schriftenreihe der Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte 91, ISBN 3-486-57847-2.
  • (German) V. P. Morozov: Westlich von Woronesh: Kurzer militärhistorischer Abriss der ..., veröffentlicht 1959, Verlag des Ministeriums für Nationale Verteidigung, 202 pages.
  • (Italian) Alessandro Massignani: Alpini e Tedeschi sul Don. Edizioni Gino Rossato, Novale-Valdagno (Vicenza) 1991.
  • (Italian) Mario Rigoni Stern: Ritorno sul Don. Einaudi 1973, Edizione collana Nuovi Coralli, ISBN 88-06-38026-5.