Ostrya carpinifolia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
European hop-hornbeam
Ostrya carpinifolia HabitusLeavesFruits BotGardBln0906b.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Betulaceae
Genus: Ostrya
Species: O.carpinifolia
Binomial name
Ostrya carpinifolia
Scop.
Ostrya carpinifolia range.svg
Native range

Ostrya carpinifolia, the European hop-hornbeam, is a tree in the family Betulaceae. It is the only species of the genus Ostrya that is native to Europe.

Distribution[edit]

Fruits of Ostrya carpinifoliaMHNT

Ostrya carpinifolia is found in Lebanon, Italy, France, Austria, Slovenia, Albania, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Greece, Bulgaria, southern Switzerland and Turkey. It is found in the medium elevations, in southern Italy and Sicily, in the South Apennine mixed montane forests ecoregion of the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub Biome.

The wood of Ostrya carpinifolia

Description[edit]

Ostrya carpinifolia is a broadleaf deciduous tree, that can reach up to 24 metres (79 ft). It has a conical or irregular crown and a scaly, rough bark, and alternate and double-toothed birch-like leaves 3–10 cm long.

The flowers are produced in spring, with male catkins 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and female catkins 2–5 cm (34–2 in) long. The fruit form in pendulous clusters 3–8 cm (1 143 14 in) long with 6–20 seeds; each seed is a small nut 2–4 mm (116316 in) long, fully enclosed in a bladder-like involucre.

Uses[edit]

The wood is very heavy and hard. The name Ostrya is derived from the Greek word 'ostrua', "bone-like", referring to this very hard wood. This stable wood was historically used to fashion plane soles.

Ostrya are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species.

External links[edit]