Osun State

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Osun State
Flag of Osun State
Flag
Nickname(s): 
Location of Ọsun State in Nigeria
Location of Ọsun State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 7°30′N 4°30′E / 7.500°N 4.500°E / 7.500; 4.500Coordinates: 7°30′N 4°30′E / 7.500°N 4.500°E / 7.500; 4.500
Country Nigeria
Geopolitical ZoneSouth West
Date created27 August 1991
CapitalOsogbo
Government
 • Governor[2]Ademola Adeleke (People's Democratic Party (Nigeria))
 • Deputy Governor???
 • Senators
Area
 • Total9,251 km2 (3,572 sq mi)
Area rank28th of 36
Population
(2006 census)
 • Total3,416,959[1]
 • Rank17th of 36
Demonym(s)Osunian
GDP (PPP)
 • Year2007
 • Total$7.28 billion[3]
 • Per capita$2,076[3]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
ISO 3166 codeNG-OS
HDI (2016)0.512[4] · 13th of 36
Websiteosun.gov.ng

Osun ( pronounced; "/ˈōSHo͞on/") is an inland state in south-western Nigeria. Its capital is Osogbo. It is bounded in the north by Kwara State, in the east partly by Ekiti State and partly by Ondo State, in the south by Ogun State and in the west by Oyo State. The state's current governor is Adegboyega Oyetola, who was declared winner of the September 2018 governorship elections. He was declared winner of the September 27, 2018 rerun elections after the initial September 22, 2018 gubernatorial election was declared inconclusive by the Independent National Electoral Commission. Osun is home to several of Nigeria's most famous landmarks, including the campus of Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria's pre-eminent institution of higher learning. The university is also located in the ancient town of Ile-Ifẹ, an important early center of political and religious development for Yoruba culture. Other important cities and towns include the ancient kingdom-capitals of Oke-Ila Orangun, Ila Orangun, Ijebu-Jesa, Ede, Iwo, Ejigbo, Modakeke, Ibokun, Ode-Omu, Ifetedo, Esa-Oke, Ilesa and Igbajo.

History[edit]

The modern Osun State was created in August 27, 1991 from part of the old Oyo State. The state's name is derived from the River Osun, the venerated natural spring that is the manifestation of the Yoruba goddess of the same name.[citation needed]

The former Governor Olagunsoye Oyinlola launched and laid the foundation for the groundbreaking of Osun State University with six campuses (Osogbo, Okuku, Ikire, Ejigbo, Ifetedo, and Ipetu-Ijesha) strategically located across the state. Important cultural events in the state include the Ori Oke and Egungun festival in Iragbiji, Olojo in Ife and the Osun Osogbo festival.

Culture[edit]

Osun temple.

Every year, adherents and non-adherents of Osun, one of the Orisa (the traditional deities of the Yoruba people), travel from all over the world to attend the annual Osun-Osogbo festival in August. Visitors include nationals of Brazil, Cuba, Trinidad, Grenada, and other nations in the Americas with a significant Yoruba cultural heritage. Annual traditional festivities and invocations of the Osun goddess are held along the banks of the river bearing her name into which – according to Yoruba Oratory traditions – she transformed.

Ọsun-Ọsogbo Groove, the shrine of the annual rites of the deity and an important artistic center, was declared a World Heritage Site in 2005 citation needed.

Demographics[edit]

The major sub-ethnic groups in Ọsun State are Ife, Ijesha, Oyo, Ibolo and Igbomina of the Yoruba people, although there are also people from other parts of Nigeria. Yoruba and English are the official languages. People of Osun State practice Islam, Christianity and their ancient religion, the traditional faith.

Muslims and Christians in Osun[edit]

Osun, created from the old Oyo State in August 1991, has a large population of both Muslims and Christians.[5] Among the famous religious leaders from Osun State is the London-based Muslim cleric Sheikh Dr. Abu-Abdullah Adelabu, who hailed from the state's capital city, Osogbo and Pastor (Dr.) Johnson Ade Odewale of Christ Apostolic church, Calvary Assembly from Odeomu, who is based in Boston, USA. The popular pastor E.A Adeboye hails from Ifewara in Osun state. The Osun State government claims to offer services to both Muslims and Christians in the state, especially through Pilgrims Welfare Boards.[6]

The major traditional rulers in Osun State acclaim either the Faith of Islam or Christianity. While, for instance, Ooni of Ife Oba Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi (Ojaja II) and Owa Obokun Adimula of Ijesaland Oba Gabriel Adekunle (Aromolaran II) ascribe to Christianity, Orangun of (Ile) Ila-Orangun Oba Wahab Kayode Adedeji Oyedotun (Arutu-Oluokun Bibiire I), Ataoja of Osogbo Oba Jimoh Olaonipekun Oyetunji (Larooye II), Timi of Ede Oba Munirudeen Adesola Lawal (Laminisa I) and Oluwo of Iwo Oba Abdul Rasheed Adewale Akanbi (Ilufemiloye Telu I) practice Islam.

Local Government Areas[edit]

Osun State is divided into three federal senatorial districts, each of which is composed of two administrative zones. The state consists of thirty (30) Local Government Areas and Area office (Modakeke), the primary (third-tier) unit of government in Nigeria.

Osun State's 30 Local Government Area headquarters:

LGA Headquarters
Aiyedaade Gbongan
Aiyedire Ile Ogbo
Atakunmosa East Iperindo
Atakunmosa West Osu
Boluwaduro Otan-Ayegbaju
Boripe Iragbiji
Ede North Oja Timi
Ede South Ede
Egbedore Awo
Ejigbo Ejigbo
Ife Central Ile-Ife
Ife East Oke-Ogbo
Ife North Ipetumodu
Ife South Ifetedo
Ifedayo Oke-Ila Orangun
Ifelodun Ikirun
Ila Ila Orangun
Ilesa East Ilesa
Ilesa West Ereja Square
Irepodun Ilobu
Irewole Ikire
Isokan Apomu
Iwo Iwo
Obokun Ibokun
Odo Otin Okuku
Ola Oluwa Bode Osi
Olorunda Igbonna, Osogbo
Oriade Ijebu-Jesa
Orolu Ifon-Osun
Osogbo Osogbo

List of current Local Government Area Chairmen.[7]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. ^ See List of Governors of Osun State for a list of prior governors
  3. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  4. ^ "National Human Development Report 2018" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-03-15. Retrieved 2010-03-12.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-03-15. Retrieved 2010-03-12.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Local Government Areas – The Official Website Of The State Of Osun". Osun.gov.ng. Retrieved 26 August 2017.

External links[edit]