Oswald Lange

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Oswald Hermann Lange
BornJune 1, 1912
Haynau, Germany
DiedFebruary 20, 2000 (2000-02-21) (aged 87)
Savannah, Georgia, United States
NationalityGermany German, United States United States of America
Alma materBerlin Institute of Technology
Scientific career
FieldsMathematics, Engineering
Royal Aircraft Establishment
Glenn L. Martin Company

Oswald Hermann Lange (June 1, 1912 – February 20, 2000)[1] was a German-American aerospace engineer and member of the "von Braun rocket group".[2] He contributed to early military aerospace projects, including the V-2 and Wasserfall, and eventually became project director of Saturn V.[2][3]


Von Braun's rocket team in 1961. Lange is second from the right.

Lange earned his master's degree from the University of Breslau and PhD from Berlin Institute of Technology. He worked at Peenemünde from 1940 to 1945 on guidance and control aspects of the V-2 ballistic missile and the Wasserfall surface-to-air missile. After World War II, he worked at the Royal Aircraft Establishment (1947), but emigrated to the US in 1954, working briefly at Martin Aircraft.[1][2] In 1959, he was naturalized as a US citizen and became head of the Saturn project office.[2] He retired in 1977.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Oswald Hermann Lange, 87, died Feb. 20". Savannah Morning News. February 22, 2000.
  2. ^ a b c d Stuhlinger, E., Ordway, F.I., McCall, J.C., and Bucher, G.C. (1963) Aeronautical Engineering and Science, McGraw-Hill.
  3. ^ Bilstein, R.E. (1999) Stages to Saturn, Diane Publishing.