Oswald Tesimond

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Oswald Tesimond (1563 – 23 August 1636) was a Jesuit born in either Northumberland or York[1] who, while not a direct conspirator, had some knowledge of the Gunpowder Plot beforehand.

Life[edit]

He was educated in York, in the Royal School of William and Mary in the Horse Fayre,[1] which cost no money to attend. Guy Fawkes, Edward Oldcorne and brothers Christopher and John Wright were among Tesimond's classmates, all of whom would become involved in the Gunpowder Plot. In 1580, at the age of seventeen, he entered English College in Rome. After three years of philosophy, Tesimond, with from the cardinal protector, Giovanni Morone joined the Society of Jesus in April 1584.[2]

Tesimond spent most of his adult life in Italy, under the name of Philip Beaumont, (Beamond, Bémont).[3] Later, among other things, Tesimond studied theology in Messina, where he afterwards taught philosophy. He was ordained, some time before he left on the English Mission, in November 1587. He arrived at Gravesend on 9 March 1598. Tesimond worked in England under the name "Father Greenway". For eight years he then worked with Edward Oldcorne in Worcestershire and Warwickshire. He was professed as a Jesuit on 28 October 1603.[2]

He would later become somewhat involved in the Gunpowder Plot. He effectively documented his experiences in a narrative which he wrote sometime after. He lived the later part of his life in various places, including Saint-Omer and Naples, where he died on 23 August 1636 at age 73.

Gunpowder Plot[edit]

Oswald Tesimond played a small role in the Gunpowder plot; while not directly involved, he knew of the plot from the confessional, and the motives of the conspirators. It is a near-certainty that the actual plot was divulged to Tesimond by Robert Catesby, someone who was deeply involved. Tesimond, after gaining the knowledge, subsequently revealed the plot to his Jesuit superior, Henry Garnet, in confession. Garnet judged that he had received this information under the seal of the confessional, and that canon law forbade him to repeat it,[4] but urged Tesimond to dissuade Catesby.[5]

With the knowledge he possessed, Tesimond and Garnet decided to give religious consolations to the conspirators. They both did this despite the nature of the plot, which involved treason; obviously, their choice of keeping their knowledge secret constituted a violation of the law. He gave these consolations on 6 November 1605[1] at Huddington, after they had returned from London.

Sir Edward Coke conducted the prosecution for the government – an easy one, since the conspirators had no legal representation – and through his speeches, presented the plot as a Jesuit conspiracy.[6] Thomas Wintour, at his later execution, cleared all Jesuits (Tesimond specifically and most especially), from any involvement, counseling or advising regarding the plot.[3]

Flight[edit]

Tesimond's arrest warrant was sworn out on 15 January 1606, describing him in detail:

..of a reasonable stature, black hair, a brown beard cut close on the cheeks and left broad on the chin, somewhat long-visaged, lean in the face but of a good red complexion, his nose somewhat long and sharp at the end, his hands slender and long fingers, his body slender, his legs of a good proportion, his feet somewhat long and slender.

— excerpt from the proclamation for Tesimond's arrest.

Tesimond was able to escape arrest. He evaded the constables of London, then made his way to safe houses in Essex and Suffolk. He then proceeded to sail to Calais among a cargo of dead pigs by passing as the owner of the load. He then went to Boulogne, and then on to Saint-Omer.[2]

Later life[edit]

Tesimond, after escaping arrest, spent some years in Saint-Omer. He wrote a narrative based on the happenings of the Gunpowder Plot. Written in Italian, Tesimond's narrative probably comprises one of the most detailed and complete accounts of the plot itself. It may have been based on another Latin account of an unknown and unnamed secular priest. The narrative was sent to Rome to better inform the Jesuit authorities.[3]

Later, from the year 1617, Tesimond was prefect of studies and consulter in Messina. He held this position there for many years, among time spent in Rome during the most of 1621, and among other minor occupations. After some time there, he moved to Naples, Italy, where he would die in 1636. This was documented in a letter by Sir Edwin Rich to James I of England, which warned the king against accepting any gift he might receive, which might consist of poisoned clothing from Tesimond; in England, vigilance was still elevated after the events that transpired following the Gunpowder Plot.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Henry Hawkes Spinks, Jr., The Gunpowder Plot and Lord Mounteagle's Letter, Kessinger, 1902
  2. ^ a b c Morris, John. "Father Tesimond's Landing in England", The Troubles of Our Catholic Forefathers Related by Themselves, Vol. 1, Burns and Oates, 1872 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b c Healey, Robin. "Tesimond, Oswald" (#7359), Italian Literature before 1900 in English Translation, University of Toronto Press, 2011, ISBN 9781442658479
  4. ^ "The Gunpowder Plot", The Jesuits in Britain
  5. ^ McCoog, S.J., Thomas M., The Society of Jesus in Ireland, Scotland, and England, 1598-1606, BRILL, 2017, ISBN 9789004330689, p. 508
  6. ^ McCoog, p. 509.