Otago and Southland Regiment

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The Otago and Southland Regiment (1948-2012) was a Territorial Force unit of the New Zealand Army. It saw service from 1959-1963 during the Malayan Emergency.[1][2] In 1964 the unit was renamed the 4th Otago and Southland Battalion Group.[3] The Regiments motto was Kia Mate Toa (Fight unto Death) and Regimental Belt had the Mackenzie Tartan pattern of the Queen's Own Highlanders. The regimental badge uniquely contained a full Māori chief.[4][3]

Origin and integration[edit]

It was originally formed by the amalgamation of the Otago Regiment and Southland Regiment.[5] In turn, those two regiments were the heirs of the original 4th (Otago Rifles) Regiment, 10th (North Otago) Regiment, 8th (Southland Rifles) Regiment and 14th (South Otago) Regiment formed in the early 1900s.

The regiment become a TF battalion of the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment in 1964 during the reorganisation of the army. This was until the later reorganisation of 1999, which saw the TF battalions split from the RNZIR to become multi-function battalion groups. The Otago and Southland Regiment became the 4th Otago and Southland Battalion Group, with the following unit types:

  • Infantry – Otago Company, Southland Company, New Zealand Scottish Company (formerly unit of Royal New Zealand Armoured Corps)
  • Medical – Field Surgical Team, Otago University Medical Company
  • Logistics – Unit Supply Team
  • Band

In December 2012 4th Otago and Southland Battalion Group merged with 2nd Canterbury (Nelson, Marlborough, West Coast) Battalion Group to form 2/4 Battalion.[6]

  • Battle Honours (the regiment perpetuates the battle honours of the 23rd, 26th, 30th and 37th Battalions, Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force)[5]
    • South Africa 1900–1902
    • First World War: Somme 1916–1918, Messines 1917, Ypres 1917, Passchendaele, Bapaume 1918, Cambrai 1918, ANZAC, France and Flanders 1916–18, Gallipoli, Egypt 1915–16, Galatas[7][8]
    • Second World War: Mount Olympus, Sidi Rezegh 1941, El Alamein, Orsogna, Tebaga Gap, Cassino 1, The Senio, Solomons
    • Second World War (awarded to NZEF Battalions): Solomons, Vella Lavella, Green Islands, South Pacific 1942–44

Alliances[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cooke, Peter D. F.; Crawford, John A. B. (2011). The Territorials: The History of the Territorial and Volunteer Forces of New Zealand. Random House. ISBN 9781869794460.
  2. ^ McGibbon, Ian C.; Goldstone, Paul (2000). The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Military History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195583762.
  3. ^ a b Phillips, Carol J. (2006). The Shape of New Zealand's Regimental System. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Massey University. p. 86.
  4. ^ Cooke, Peter D. F.; Crawford, John A. B. (2011). The Territorials: The History of the Territorial and Volunteer Forces of New Zealand. Random House. ISBN 9781869794460.
  5. ^ a b "The Otago and Southland Regiment [NewZealand]". web.archive.org. 2006-06-22. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  6. ^ Broadley, Jon (December 2012). "Territorials Become More Joined Up" (PDF). Army News. pp. 8–9. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
  7. ^ "1st Battalion, Otago Regiment, New Zealand Expeditionary Force in the Great War - The Wartime Memories Project -". www.wartimememoriesproject.com. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  8. ^ "Otago Infantry Regiment - Infantry units | NZHistory, New Zealand history online". nzhistory.govt.nz. Retrieved 2019-01-15.

External links[edit]