|Born||Mongolian: Эршүүгийн Отгонбаяр
January 18, 1981
Ulan Bator, Mongolia
|Education||Ulan Bator College of the Arts 1998,
Berlin University of the Arts 2010
|Known for||Painting, Comics|
He grew up among seven siblings and one adoptive brother and was fascinated by painting ever since his childhood. His talent was discovered and by the age of 15 years he had his own solo exhibitions. From 1996 to 1998 Otgonbayar studied "traditional Mongolian painting" in Ulan Bator and received his degree as a painter. Feeling a deep connection with his home country, he decided to learn the craft of Mongolian miniature painting. There was, however, no course of study in this subject, and he acquired the skill within a six-year period of auto-didactic study. During the years 1998 and 2004, Otgonbayar traveled to Mongolia's historic sites and took part in numerous cultural and social projects. During his academic studies he created around 400 pictures. After his studies he participated in several expeditions to historical sites in Mongolia as a painter and conservator. Otgonbayar studied the different techniques and iconography of the miniature paintings as well as their spiritual backgrounds at the Buddhist-lamaist monasteries. He has been active as a free lance artist since 1998. In addition to his free artistic works he has created around 600 "research images." Ershuu has been living in Berlin since 2005. From 2007 to 2010 he studied at the Institute for Art in Context, Faculty of Fine Arts, Berlin University of the Arts and graduated with a Masters of Arts in 2010. Otgonbayar Ershuu has been exhibiting his work in international exhibitions in Japan, Sweden, France, the Netherlands, India, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Poland, Romania, Germany, Moldova and Mongolia.
OTGO's Thangkas have not evolved from religious intentions but were rather inspired by the challenge to learn such a demanding as well as traditional technique. A deep fascination with the technology of producing such a work of art as well as his own anticipation of an individual artistic implementation in the face of strict regulations, incited the artist's ambitions and posed the beginning of a longtime development in the field of Thangka painting. OTGO developed his painting techniques on long journeys through Mongolia. These could be described as a potpourri of experience, endurance and incredible artistic talent. One of OTGO's unique characteristics is to paint his depictions directly on the canvas thereby evading the process of sketching. After considering that his pictures are only slightly bigger than a slide one perceives clearly how detailed, precise and perfect the painter has to work in order to create such a picture. Otgonbayar Ershuu has created 600 Thangkas of which the majority of the pictures were created in a single attempt. Each streak can only be commenced once and it is barely impossible to correct any mistakes. States of utter concentration need to be maintained despite natural human needs or unpredictable distractions. Mongolian Thangka painting has been miniaturized according to the tradition of its country and even the iconography has been adapted to the diverse existing beliefs. OTGO's repertoire of figures draws on the theotechny of Shamanism, of Tengerism and Buddhism. Remarkable is also his depiction of mostly erotic themes. One of the principles of the Mongolian belief is the achievement of the "unity of all" by overcoming all antagonisms perceptible in the world of reality. Emblematic of this is the sexual union of man and woman, which bears the seed of a new life. It follows in considering this principal thought that the eroticization of the religious content of images becomes a natural and almost self-evident consequence. Otgonbayar Ershuu takes his topics and divine figures from traditional artistic depictions. His miniature gods are partially details of bigger paintings or pictorial interpretations of a sculpture. They are however always individualized in his unique, very special mode and have developed into real "OTGO's." During the production of his Thangkas Otgonbayar Ershuu uses different primers. In order to obtain these it is necessary to pre-treat his canvases. The black primer is a mixtures of carbon black, chalk, and vodka or milk liquor. He adds to this a mixture of pigments, minerals and plants. Finally the mixture is bound with glue extracted from yak hide and applied to both sides of the canvas. Even after ten years a "smelling test" regarding these small pictures will reveal the use of carbon black and alcohol to pre-treat the canvas and endows these miniature works of art with a mysterious and antique nature.
It is absolutely remarkable in which precise and loving detail Otgonbayar Ershuu fills his canvases. Lively, colorful depictions of paradise, erotica and flocks of horses mesmerize his pictorial surfaces into imaginative compositions, capture and challenge to explore the world of miniature paintings. Otgonbayar Ershuu has created detailed paintings in breathtaking filigree in tempera on canvas. His newest works present a whole new world of creation. The young artist composed a fascinating coexistence of detailed miniature painting and active abstraction of picture elements in acrylic on canvas.
One of the longtime works of Otgonbayar Ershuu has been his "Secret History of the Mongols – related in the style of Mongolian painting as a comic." This comic consists of about 600 pages, which are divided into 12 chapters. Each page features several pictures amounting to a work of about altogether 3000 drawings. The "Secret History of the Mongols" was written about 800 years ago and is considered the oldest and most significant Mongolian work of literature – as myth, epos and chronic all at once. It did not contain any illustrations originally. In order to make this history more comprehensive and interesting for all ages, Ershuu decided to transform the content of this significant work into Mongolian miniature painting. The idea emerged from his belief that the viewing of images is often easier than reading. One of his main concerns during the development of the comic was to portray ethnic features of the Mongols as well as historical facts and artifacts as precisely and genuine as possible. Therefore, he had to pursue extensive researches which led him into various academic areas. By including miniature painting in his work he intended to capture something characteristically and traditionally Mongolian.
Gallery ZURAG, founded in 2010 by Otgonbayar Ershuu is located in the middle of Berlin, one of the world's most vibrant art capitals. It is the first gallery founded and operated by a Mongol outside of Mongolia. The name of the gallery defines its philosophy: the Mongolian word ZURAG (Mongolian: ЗУРАГ) means image, painting, drawing, photograph and depiction – in short, it encourages diversity of expression. ZURAG Gallery aims to become more than just an exhibition space; it seeks to be a place of cultural and artistic exchange in which the perception of Mongolian culture is sharpened.
- ZURAG – a movie about Otgonbayar Ershuu; Germany/Mongolia 2010; produced by Tobias Wulff (The movie was broadcast twice in the Mongolian State television in 2011)
- ZURAG movie online, languages: German and Mongolian
- HUN - Otgo, Hosoo, Transmongolia (Art Documentation), Germany 2012, A film by Dave Lojek
- Otgonbayar Ershuu: HEARTFELT HEAVEN. Printed in Hiimori Printing Co., Ltd Ulan Bator Mongolia 2004, ISBN 99929-74-08-7
- Otgonbayar Ershuu: THE GODS Printed in Hiimori Printing Co., Ltd Ulan Bator Mongolia 2004, ISBN 99929-74-07-9
- 1996: Awarded with the gold medal "Knowledge" by the culture palace of Mongolian Children institution, Ulan Bator
- 2004: Awarded as "Best Mongolian National Talent" by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of Mongolia
- 2013: "Diploma of Excellence Art" by "The International Biennale of Painting" Chisinau, Moldavia
- 2015: "Grand Prix" by "The International Biennale of Painting" Chisinau, Moldavia
- From time to time his art tilts towards the almost grotesque, as if the picture was so full of humans that they start to devour each other. Whole armies disappear into the mouth of another human; masses of humans wriggle closely around each other and it may either be associated with overpopulation or a perishing global orgy.
(Åsa Jonsén newspaper review „Nerikes Allehanda“ newspaper, 11/17/2007 (Örebro, Sweden) (Translation by Elisa Kohl-Carrity))
- Through his studies OTGO has brought miniature painting to new heights. In modifying his position in regard to the picture the onlooker discovers the picture-in-picture composition as if looking through an artistically arranged prismatic telescope, which reveals detailed sceneries with completely independent meanings with every approaching step. This obfuscates the painting's overall impression of the playful handling of colors and motifs and the peaceful coexistence of stencil-like precise, seemingly light and cheerful elements which may only be perceived from a distance. With each step towards the picture the onlooker discovers a new and diverse aspect of its interiority.
(Uwe Ahnert, gallery owner, Collection Freudenberg, Berlin 2009) (Translation by Elisa Kohl-Carrity)
- Otgonbayar Ershuu has become “a Mongol with a thousand horses…” In colorful herds, they gallop across the canvases and carry us away into a multi-facetted miniature universe. Minimundus explains the world to us OTGO will explain Mongolia – Land of the horses – to us. Who else could do it, who else painted half a million horses?
(Martina Busch, Berlin 2010) (Translation by Elisa Kohl-Carrity)
- "HOS YUS" exhibition, The Culture palace of the Mongolian Children, Ulan Bator, Mongolia
- "GODS" exhibition, The Adelhauser museum, Freiburg, Germany
- "MONGOLIAN MINIATURE PAINTING" exhibition, Mongolia Center, Freiburg, Germany
- "MINIATURE PAINTING" exhibition, Deutsche Bank, Berlin, Germany
- "Paradise felt with my heart" exhibition, Munich, Germany
- "OTGO IN ÖREBRO" exhibition, "Konstfrämjandet" gallery Örebro, Sweden
- "OTGO IN THE PALACE" exhibition, Örebro Palace, Örebro, Sweden
- "OTGO IN THE PALACE SEEHEIM" exhibition, Seeheim Palace, Konstanz, Germany
- "ROARING HOOFS" exhibition, ZURAG gallery, Berlin, Germany
- "ROARING HOOFS" exhibition, Bonn, Germany
- "GODS" exhibition, ZURAG gallery, Berlin, Germany
- "MONGOL AYAN – 1" exhibition, Elsass, France
- "MONGOL AYAN – 4" exhibition, Fischer-Art studio in Leipzig, Germany
- "HUN" exhibition, ZURAG gallery, Berlin, Germany
- "KAMA SUTRA in Miniature" exhibition, ZURAG gallery, Berlin, Germany
- "OTGO art" exhibition, Commerzbank, Brandenburg Gate, Berlin, Germany
- "OTGO art" exhibition, TSAGAANDARIUM Art Gallery & Museum Ulan Bator, Mongolia
- "OTGO art" exhibition, Red Ger Gallery, Khan Bank, Ulan Bator, Mongolia
- "OTGO art" exhibition, Commerzbank, Brandenburg Gate, Berlin, Germany
- "OTGONBAYAR ERSHUU" exhibition, @ artlabmannheim, Mannheim, Germany
- "TSENHER ULAAN" exhibition, Gallery Peter Zimmermann, Mannheim, Germany
- "HUN = MENSCHEN" exhibition, Museum Baruther Glashuette, Baruth, Germany
- "AMITAN" exhibition, Gallery Studio OTGO Berlin
- "WHITE" exhibition, Gallery Peter Zimmermann, Mannheim
- "'OTGO' POLAND" exhibition, Dom Kultury w Łęczycy, Poland
- "Penguin & Zebra - MONGOLIA?" exhibition, Gallery Studio OTGO Berlin
- "Roaring Hoofs – Otgonbayar Ershuu". Retrieved January 18, 2013.
- "Roaring Hoofs". Retrieved January 18, 2013.
- "Cama Sutra in miniature – Otgonbayar Ershuu". Retrieved January 18, 2013.
- "HUN – Otgonbayar Ershuu". Retrieved January 18, 2013.
- Mongolian Art - OTGO Retrieved November 21, 2012
- OTGO's CULTURAL ACTIVITIES Retrieved July 15, 2013
- OTGO's Thangka - Martina Busch Retrieved November 21, 2012
- OTGO's Miniature painting - Martina Busch Retrieved November 21, 2012
- OTGO's Comics - Martina Busch Retrieved November 21, 2012
- Gallery ZURAG Berlin Retrieved January 18, 2013
- Martina Busch: OTGONBAYAR ERSHUU Retrieved January 30, 2013
- The International Biennale of Painting Chisinau Retrieved June 9, 2015
- The National Art Museum of Moldova Retrieved June 9, 2015
- Ministerul Culturii al Republicii Moldova Retrieved June 9, 2015
- „Nerikes Allehanda“ newspaper, 2007-11-17, Örebro, Sweden Retrieved November 21, 2012
- Uwe Ahnert, gallery owner, Collection Freudenberg, Berlin 2009 Retrieved November 21, 2012
- Martina Busch, Berlin 2010 Retrieved November 21, 2012
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