Oti River

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Oti River
Pendjari fluss.JPG
Oti River in Pendjari National Park in dry season; Benin left, Burkina Faso right
Countries Ghana, Burkina Faso, Togo, Benin
 - elevation 150 m (492 ft)
Mouth Lake Volta of Ghana
 - location Gulf of Guinea
 - coordinates 8°46′48″N 2°34′29″W / 8.78000°N 2.57472°W / 8.78000; -2.57472Coordinates: 8°46′48″N 2°34′29″W / 8.78000°N 2.57472°W / 8.78000; -2.57472
Length 520 km (323 mi)
Basin 72,000 km2 (27,799 sq mi)

The Oti River or Pendjari River is an international river in West-Central Africa. It rises in Burkino Faso, flows through Benin and Togo, and joins the Volta River in Ghana.


The Oti River is about 520 km (323 mi) long. Its headwaters are in Burkina Faso, it flows through Benin and Togo and joins the Volta River in Ghana. Tributaries on the left bank in Togo originate from the Togo Mountains to the south. One of its eastern tributaries is the Kara River, the confluence being on the Togo/Ghana border, where another tributary joins from the south, the Koumongou River. The mouth of the Oti was formerly on the Volta River, but it now flows into Lake Volta reservoir in Ghana.[1]

The river crosses the northern part of Togo in a savannah-clad valley some 40 or 50 km (25 or 31 mi) wide. Along the margins of the river is gallery forest which floods periodically. The dry season here lasts from about November until April, with the hot dry Harmattan wind blowing from the north. At this time of the year the river's flow is minimal. Both the Oti and the Koumongou have floodplains, some 10 and 4 km (6.2 and 2.5 mi) wide respectively. These flood extensively during the wet season, but during the dry season they become dry, dusty plains, with the occasional pond or lake in a depression. Cattle graze on the floodplains during the dry season. There is also some small scale growing of crops, and the hunting of game takes place there.[2]

International borders[edit]

The river forms part of the international borders between Ghana, Burkina Faso, Togo, and Benin.[3]


The Oti River flows through Pendjari National Park in Benin[4] and the Oti-Kéran National Park in Togo.[2]


  1. ^ Philip's (1994). Atlas of the World. Reed International. p. 101. ISBN 0-540-05831-9. 
  2. ^ a b Hughes, R.H. (1992). A Directory of African Wetlands. IUCN. pp. 443–447. ISBN 978-2-88032-949-5. 
  3. ^ Ghana: Rivers and Lakes
  4. ^ "Parc National de la Pendjari". Retrieved 21 November 2016.