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Temporal range:
Paleocene - Holocene
Kori bustard (Ardeotis kori)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Passerea
Clade: Otidae
Wagler, 1830

Otidae[1] is a clade that includes the superorders Otidimorphae (bustards, turacos, and cuckoos) and Cypselomorphae (nightbirds, swifts, and hummingbirds). It was identified in 2014 by genome analysis.[2] Before it was thought that Cypselomorphae was closely related to birds such as pigeons, flamingos, tropicbirds, and the kagu in the possibly polyphyletic taxon Metaves.[3][4] They occupy a basal branch of the clade Passerea.[2]


  1. ^ http://www.jboyd.net/Taxo/List4.html#otidae
  2. ^ a b Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014) Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science, 346(6215):1320–1331.
  3. ^ Fain, Matthew G. & Houde, Peter (2004). "Parallel radiations in the primary clades of birds" (PDF). Evolution. 58 (11): 2558–2573. doi:10.1554/04-235. PMID 15612298. 
  4. ^ Hackett, S.J. et al. (2008) A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History. Science, 320(5884):1763–1768.