Otis Boykin

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Otis Boykin
Otis F. Boykin.jpg
Born(1920-08-29)August 29, 1920
DiedMarch 26, 1982(1982-03-26) (aged 61)
NationalityAfrican American
Engineering career

Otis Frank Boykin (August 29, 1920 – March 26, 1982) was an American inventor and engineer.[1] His inventions include electrical resistors used in computing, missile guidance, and pacemakers.

Early life and education[edit]

Otis Boykin was born on August 29, 1920, in Dallas, Texas.[2][3] His father, Walter B. Boykin, was a carpenter, and later became a preacher. His mother, Sarah, was a maid, who died of heart failure when Otis was a year old. This inspired him to help improve the pacemaker.[4] Boykin attended Booker T. Washington High School in Dallas, where he was the valedictorian, graduating in 1938.[5] He attended Fisk University[3] on a scholarship, worked as a laboratory assistant at the university's nearby aerospace laboratory, and left in 1941.[citation needed]

(CardioNetworks ECGpedia)
A chest x-ray of a pacemaker

Boykin then moved to Chicago, where he found work as a clerk at Electro Manufacturing Company.[4] He was subsequently hired as a laboratory assistant for the Majestic Radio and Television Corporation; at that company, he rose to become foreman of their factory. By 1944, he was working for the P.J. Nilsen Research Labs.[6]

In 1946–1947, he studied at Illinois Institute of Technology,[7] but dropped out after two years; some sources say it was because he could not afford his tuition, but he later stated he left for an employment opportunity, and did not have time to return to finish his degree.[5] One of his mentors was Dr. Denton Deere, an engineer, and inventor with his own laboratory. Another mentor was Dr. Hal F. Fruth, with whom he collaborated on several experiments, including a more effective way to test automatic pilot control units in airplanes.[4] The two men later went into business, opening an electronics research lab in the late 1940s.[3]

In the 1950s, Boykin and Fruth worked together at the Monson Manufacturing Corporation; Boykin was the company's chief engineer.[8] In the early 1960s, Boykin was a senior project engineer at the Chicago Telephone Supply Corporation, later known as CTS Labs. It was here that he did much of his pacemaker research.[9] But Boykin subsequently sued CTS for $5 million, asserting that his former employer had obtained a patent and tried to take credit for the device that he developed.[10]

After the suit was eventually dismissed, and his career at CTS had ended, he opened his own consulting and research company, with offices in both the US and Paris, France.[11]


Boykin patented as many as 26 devices.[12] He is best known for inventing multiple different electronic control devices in guided missiles, IBM computers, and in the pacemaker.[13] One of his early inventions was an improved wire resistor, which had reduced inductance and reactance, due to the physical arrangement of the wire.[14]

Other notable inventions include a variable resistor used in guided missiles.[15] His most famous invention was likely a control unit for the artificial cardiac pacemaker.[4] The device essentially uses electrical impulses to maintain a regular heartbeat. Among his other inventions is a burglar-proof cash register.[16]


Boykin died in Chicago on March 26, 1982, of heart failure, at the age of 61 .[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Arnold, William G. (ed.). "Plants and People" (PDF). Electronics -date= May 17, 2020.
  2. ^ Spangenburg, Ray; Moser, Diane; Long, Douglas (May 14, 2014). African Americans in Science, Math, and Invention. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4381-0774-5. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d "Inventor of Heart Stimulator Honored at Memorial Service." Dallas Morning News, March 18, 1982, p. 5D.
  4. ^ a b c d Frances T. Matlock. "Boykin's Electric Device Aid in Eisenhower Crisis." Pittsburgh Courier, September 14, 1968, p. 12.
  5. ^ a b Julia Scott Reed, "Dallasite Stars as Inventor." Dallas Morning News, January 5, 1969, p. A31.
  6. ^ "Did You Know?" Baltimore Sun, February 11, 2016, p. E18.
  7. ^ "Inventor Aids Foreign Nations." Pittsburgh Courier, May 28, 1977, p. 8.
  8. ^ , John Cassato Jr. "Personalities--Plus." Chicago Daily News, August 25, 1954, p. 38.
  9. ^ William C. Malone, "Heart of My Heart," South Bend (IN) Tribune, May 26, 1963, p. M9.
  10. ^ "Chicago Inventor Sues Company for $5 Million," Jet, August 14, 1975, p. 49.
  11. ^ "African-American Inventors That Changed Our Lives," (Fort Walton Beach FL) Northwest Florida Daily News, February 23, 2010, p. C5.
  12. ^ "Black History." Chicago Defender, February 21, 2007, p. 16.
  13. ^ Dawn Turner Trice. "Black Inventors Have a Patent on Obscurity." Chicago Tribune, February 20, 2004,[1]
  14. ^ U.S. Patent 2,634,352
  15. ^ Mary Bellis, "Otis Boykin", About.com Guide.
  16. ^ "Black History Month: Inventors." Atlanta Journal-Constitution, February 11, 1999, p. A23.

External links[edit]