||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2015)|
Rush at Notodden bluesfestival, Norway, 1997
|Birth name||Otis Rush|
April 29, 1935 |
Philadelphia, Mississippi, United States
|Genres||Blues, Chicago blues, R&B|
|Labels||Cobra, Chess, Duke, Vanguard, Cotillion, Bullfrog, Black & Blue, Delmark, Sonet, Blind Pig, This Way Up, House of Blues|
Otis Rush (born April 29, 1935) is a blues musician, singer and guitarist. His distinctive guitar style features a slow burning sound and long bent notes. With similar qualities to Magic Sam and Buddy Guy, his sound became known as West Side Chicago blues and was an influence on many musicians including Michael Bloomfield, Peter Green and Eric Clapton.
Rush is left-handed and, unlike many other left-handed guitarists, plays a left-handed instrument strung upside-down with the low E string at the bottom. He played often with the little finger of his pick hand curled under the low E for positioning. It is widely believed that this contributes to his distinctive sound. He has a wide-ranging, powerful tenor voice.
After moving to Chicago, Illinois in 1948, Rush made a name for himself playing in clubs on both the South Side and West Side blues scenes. From 1956 to 1958, he recorded for the Cobra Records and released eight singles, some featuring Ike Turner or Jody Williams on guitar. His first single "I Can't Quit You Baby" in 1956 reached No. 6 on Billboard's R&B chart. During his tenure with Cobra, he recorded some of his well known songs such as "Double Trouble" and "All Your Love (I Miss Loving)."
After Cobra Records went bankrupt in 1959, Rush landed a recording contract with Chess in 1960. He recorded eight tracks for the label, four of which were released on two singles that year. Six tracks including the two singles later came out on "Door To Door" album in 1969, a compilation also featuring Chess recordings by Albert King.
He also went into the studio for Duke Records in 1962, but only one single "Homework/I Have to Laugh" was issued from the label. It also received a release in Great Britain on Vocalion VP9260 in 1963. In 1965, he recorded for Vanguard which can be heard on the label's compilation album, Chicago/The Blues/Today! Vol.2.
In the 1960s, Rush began playing in other cities in the U.S. and also to Europe, most notably the American Folk Blues Festival.
In 1969, the album Mourning in the Morning was released on Cotillion Records. Recorded at the FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, the album was produced by Michael Bloomfield and Nick Gravenites (then of Electric Flag). The sound that incorporated soul and rock was a brand new direction for Rush.
In 1971, Rush recorded the album Right Place, Wrong Time in San Francisco for Capitol Records, but Capitol decided not to release it. The album was finally released in 1976 when Rush purchased the master from Capitol and had it released by P-Vine Records in Japan. Bullfrog Records released it in the U.S. soon after. The album generally has since gained a reputation as one of the best works by Rush.
Rush made a come back in 1985 making a U.S. tour and releasing the live album, Tops, recorded at the San Francisco Blues Festival.
In 1994, Rush released Ain't Enough Comin' In, the first studio album in 16 years. Any Place I'm Goin' followed in 1998, and Rush earned his first Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album in 1999.
Though he has not recorded a new studio album since 1998, he continued to tour and perform. In 2002, he was featured on the Bo Diddley tribute album Hey Bo Diddley – A Tribute!, performing the song "I'm A Man" produced by Carla Olson.
However, he suffered a stroke in 2004 which has kept him from performing since. In 2006, Rush released ''Live...and in Concert from San Francisco on Blues Express Records, a live recording from 1999. Video footage of the same show was released on the DVD Live Part 1 in 2003.
Rush has two daughters and two sons from a previous marriage and two daughters from his second marriage, Lena and Sophia.
- 1969 Mourning in the Morning (Cotillion)
- 1974 Screamin' and Cryin' (Black & Blue)
- 1975 Cold Day in Hell (Delmark)
- 1976 So Many Roads (Delmark)
- 1976 Right Place, Wrong Time (Bullfrog)
- 1978 Troubles Troubles (Sonet)
- 1988 Tops (Blind Pig)
- 1989 Blues Interaction – Live in Japan 1986 (P-Vine)
- 1991 Lost in the Blues (Alligator Records ALCD4797)
- 1993 Live in Europe (Evidence Music ECD 26034-2)
- 1994 Ain't Enough Comin' In (This Way Up)
- 1998 Any Place I'm Going (House of Blues)
- 2006 Live...and in Concert from San Francisco (Blues Express)
- 2009 Chicago Blues Festival 2001 (P-Vine)
- 1969 Door to Door (Chess) (coupled with Albert King)
- 1989 I Can't Quit You Baby – The Cobra Sessions 1956–1958 (P-Vine)
- 2000 Good 'Uns – The Classic Cobra Recordings 1956–1958 (Westside)
- 2000 The Essential Otis Rush – The Classic Cobra Recordings 1956–1958 (Fuel 2000)
- 2002 Blue on Blues – Buddy Guy & Otis Rush (Fuel 2000)
- 2005 All Your Love I Miss Loving – Live at the Wise Fools Pub, Chicago (Delmark)
- 2006 Live at Montreux 1986 (Eagle Rock Entertainment) (Joint performance with Eric Clapton and Luther Allison)
- 2006 Blues Giants. The Essential Songbook – Various artists, compiled by The Professor
- 1956 "I Can't Quit You Baby" / "Sit Down Baby" (Cobra 5000)
- 1956 "My Love Will Never Die" / "Violent Love" (Cobra 5005)
- 1957 "Groaning the Blues" / "If You Were Mine" (Cobra 5010)
- 1957 "Jump Sister Bessie" / "Love That Woman" (Cobra 5015)
- 1957 "She's a Good 'Un" / "Three Times a Fool" (Cobra 5023)
- 1958 "Checking on My Baby" / "It Takes Time" (Cobra 5027)
- 1958 "Double Trouble" / "Keep On Loving Me Baby" (Cobra 5030)
- 1958 "All Your Love (I Miss Loving)" / "My Baby's a Good 'Un" (Cobra 5032)
- 1960 "So Many Roads So Many Trains" / "I'm Satisfied" (Chess 1751)
- 1960 "You Know My Love" / "I Can't Stop Baby" (Chess 1775)
- 1962 "Homework" / "I Have to Laugh" (Duke 356)
- 1969 "Gambler's Blues" / "You're Killing My Love" (Cotillion 44032)
- 2003 Live Part One (Blues Express)
- 2006 Live at Montreux 1986 (Eagle Rock Entertainment)
- Bill Dahl (1934-04-29). "Otis Rush | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
- Joel Whitburn's Top R&B Singles 1942–1988 (Record Research)
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues – From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. p. 164. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- "Otis Rush: Duke-Peacock Blues" (in Japanese). Members.jcom.home.ne.jp. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
- Eugene Chadbourne. "Right Place, Wrong Time - Otis Rush | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
- "Otis Rush: Right Place, Wrong Time: Music". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
- Official website
- Biography at Blind Pig Records website
- Otis Rush Disk Guide (Japanese)
- In-depth article on Essential Collection: The Complete Cobra Recordings 1956–1958
- Otis Rush at AllMusic