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Otjiwarongo main road pictured from the south of the town
Otjiwarongo main road pictured from the south of the town
Official seal of Otjiwarongo
Nickname(s): OTT, OT
Motto(s): Gradatim
Otjiwarongo is located in Namibia
Location in Namibia
Coordinates: 20°27′51″S 16°39′10″E / 20.46417°S 16.65278°E / -20.46417; 16.65278Coordinates: 20°27′51″S 16°39′10″E / 20.46417°S 16.65278°E / -20.46417; 16.65278
Country  Namibia
Region Otjozondjupa Region
Constituency Otjiwarongo Constituency
 • Type Municipal
 • Mayor Bennes Haimbondi[1]
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 28,249
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 067
Climate BSh
Website www.otjimun.org.na
The Central Business District of Otjiwarongo

Otjiwarongo (Otjiherero: beautiful place)[3] is a city[4] of 28,000 inhabitants in the Otjozondjupa Region of Namibia. It is the district capital of the Otjiwarongo electoral constituency and also the capital of Otjozondjupa.

Otjiwarongo is situated in central-north Namibia on the TransNamib railway. It is the biggest business centre for Otjozondjupa Region. Otjiwarongo is located on the B1 road and its links between Windhoek, the Golden Triangle of Otavi, Tsumeb and Grootfontein, and Etosha National Park. It is one of Namibia’s fast-growing towns, with a neat and peaceful quality environment, and many excellent facilities including supermarkets, banks, lodges and hotels. Some of Namibia's best-known private game farms and nature reserves are located in and around the town.

Otjiwarongo is one of Namibia's towns with a large population of German-speaking people. German influence is also evident in its Germanic buildings. The school "Donatus School Otjiwarongo" (D.S.O.) was once known as "Deutsche Schule Otjiwarongo".


The San and Damaras where the first settlers of the area, the Damaras from the /Geio-Daman clan lived in the area from as early as 1390. The Damaras also named the city #kanubes.*Reference=the history of otjiwarongo* German Namibians first settled in Otjiwarongo in 1900. A bloody war was fought in the area between the Hereros and the Germans in 1904 where many of the Herero people died. This happened sometime before Otjiwarongo was established as an administration point for the Germans and officially became a town. A narrow-gauge railway was built from Swakopmund on the coast, to the Otavi copper mine which helped Otjiwarongo become a prosperous agricultural centre. The three tribes where separated like in many of Namibia's towns, where each lived in a separate neighborhood: Ovambo Location, Damara Location and Herero Location respectively. The three locations together made up the suburb of Orwetoveni.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The town connects to the South, Okahandja through to Windhoek, to the North, Otavi through to Ondangwa and Oshakati, to the West, Kalkfeld through to Swakopmund and Walvis Bay, and to the North-West, Outjo through to Opuwo. Taxi's are mainly used as a form of transport while others use their private cars. Otjiwarongo is the junction for the branch railway to Outjo.

Otjiwarongo has a well-developed road network as well as an air strip. There are plans to develop an international airport. The trans-caprivi highway also passes through Otjiwarongo. The railway line links other towns: Windhoek, Walvisbay, Tsumeb and Oshikango. On many occasions the Council has budgeted for upgrading roads in the town. Today Otjiwarongo is one of the few towns that has tarred roads even in the townships.

Health facilities[edit]

Otjiwarongo District State Hospital is the biggest hospital in the town and very soon a Referral State Hospital will be built, it is mostly used by the middle and low income residents. A number of private clinics and hospitals are also present in the town, including a branch of MediCity Private Clinic.


The main interest for tourists is Otjiwarongo's proximity to the Waterberg Plateau Park. Otjiwarongo is home to the Cheetah Conservation Fund, an internationally recognized organization dedicated to ensuring the long-term survival of the cheetah through research, conservation and education. Also about 50 miles from Otjiwarongo is Okonjima, the home of the Africat Foundation, a cheetah and leopard rehabilitation centre.[5]

On the edge of town is the Crocodile Ranch, one of the few captive breeding programs for the Nile Crocodile that has been registered with CITES.[6] Also in town is Locomotive No 41, originally brought from Germany to haul ore between Tsumeb and the port at Swakopmund.

Built 15 km outside of town, the Omatjenne Dam provides artificial recharge of local groundwater.[7]


Otjiwarongo is governed by a municipal council that currently has seven seats.[8]

The 2015 local authority election was won by SWAPO which gained five seats and 3,901 votes. One seat each went to the Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA, 454 votes) and the United Democratic Front (UDF, 442 votes).[9]


There are about 15 schools in Otjiwarongo, three private schools and twelve public schools. All schools final exams for grade 10 and 12 are regulated by the Ministry of Education, Arts & Culture. The schools of Otjiwarongo attract more and more non-resident students. The town also has a community library that caters for reading needs of the towns residents.

There are a number of institution for higher education in the town, as well as the MTI and COSDEC vocational training centres and a convent. The University of Namibia and the Namibia University of Science and Technology had plans to build satellite campuses in the town. The two institutions already have their regional centers in the town where distance students interact with the two institutions respectively.

Public Schools[edit]

Private Schools[edit]

Previously the German school Regierungsschule Otjiwarongo was in the city.[11]


About 90% of the town’s residents speak and understand Afrikaans. About 75% speaks English and 35% German. Other languages includes indigenous languages like Otjiherero, Khoe-Khoe and Oshiwambo.


Mighty Gunners FC is the town's major football team. Life Fighters (Okahirona) also returned to the Premiere League 2017. Mokati Stadium, the smaller of two stadia in Otjiwarongo, is located in Orwetoveni and it is the main football stadium in town. There are also grounds for basketball, netball, and tennis. The largest, Paresis Park also known as The Show Ground/ "skou grond", is located in the upper suburb of the town. It is the towns biggest sport ground and one of the biggest in Namibia. It has two soccer fields and two rugby fields. There are also grounds for hockey, tennis, netball and cricket. The park is also used to host sport tournaments and business events such as the Otjiwarongo Trade Show. In 2011, it hosted the main event of the 21st Independence Celebrations of Namibia.[12]



Otjiwarongo has a semi-arid climate (BSh, according to the Köppen climate classification), with hot summers and mild winters. The average annual precipitation is 457 mm (18 in).

Climate data for Otjiwarongo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.5
Average low °C (°F) 17
Average precipitation mm (inches) 100
Source: World Climate Guide.[13]

Twin cities[edit]

Canada Dundas, Ontario, Canada
France Ensisheim
Netherlands Heusden
Botswana Mochudi/Kgatleng
Namibia Katima Mulilo
Namibia Khorixas
Namibia Okakarara
Namibia Windhoek
Namibia Bethanie
Namibia Keetmanshoop

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.otjiwarongomun.org/?page_id=11 Website 2017
  2. ^ "Table 4.2.2 Urban population by Census years (2001 and 2011)" (PDF). Namibia 2011 - Population and Housing Census Main Report. Namibia Statistics Agency. p. 39. Retrieved 24 August 2016. 
  3. ^ Viljoen, J.J.; Kamupingene, T.K. Otjiherero woordebook / dictionary / embo romambo. Gamsberg. p. 59. ISBN 0868481955. 
  4. ^ "Local Authorities". Association of Local Authorities in Namibia (ALAN). Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  5. ^ Jackman, Brian. "BBC - Science & Nature - Articles - Big cat watching in Africa". www.bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2008-03-19. Retrieved 2008-03-17. 
  6. ^ "Otjiwarongo Namibia". The Cardboard Box Travel Shop. Retrieved 9 April 2012. 
  7. ^ Omatjenne Dam Archived 13 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine. at NamWater.com.na
  8. ^ "Know Your Local Authority". Election Watch (3). Institute for Public Policy Research. 2015. p. 4. 
  9. ^ "Local elections results". Electoral Commission of Namibia. 28 November 2015. p. 7. Archived from the original on 10 December 2015. 
  10. ^ https://allafrica.com/stories/201710170296.html
  11. ^ "Deutscher Bundestag 4. Wahlperiode Drucksache IV/3672" (Archive). Bundestag (West Germany). 23 June 1965. Retrieved on 12 March 2016. p. 32/51.
  12. ^ http://www.nbc.com.na/article.php?id=5445 Otjiwarongo to host the 21st Independence Celebrations
  13. ^ World Climate Guide
  14. ^ Shooting in Namibia fraud trial, BBC News, 25 August 2005

External links[edit]